17 this actually was the lifestyle of the dominican

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[17] (This actually was the lifestyle of the Dominican friars , of which Aquinas was a member.) Being a monk is greater than being married and even greater in many ways than being a priest , but it is not as good as being a bishop . Both monks and bishops are in a state of perfection . [18] Although the Jews delivered Christ to die, it was the Gentiles who killed him, foreshadowing how salvation would start with the Jews and then would spread to the Gentiles. [19] After the end of the world , in which all living material will be destroyed, the world will be composed of non-living matter (such as rocks), but it will be illuminated or enhanced in beauty by the fires of the apocalypse (but a new heaven and new earth will be established). [20] Martyrs , teachers of the faith (doctors), and virgins , in that order, receive special crowns in heaven for their achievements. [21] Overview and summary of the entire Summa The Summa Theologica is more than just a laundry list of theological and philosophical questions in a more-or- less arbitrary order. Rather, the entire order of questions is meant to summarize the history of the cosmos and provide an outline for the meaning of life itself. This order is cyclical. It begins with God and His existence in Question 2. The entire first part of the Summa deals with God and His creation, which reaches its zenith in man. The First Part therefore ends with the treatise on man. The second part of the Summa deals with man's purpose, the meaning of life, which is Happiness. The Ethics detailed in this part summarize the ethics (Aristotelian in nature) which man must follow to reach his intended destiny. Since no man on his own can truly live the perfect ethical life, and therefore reach God, it was necessary that a Perfect man bridge the gap between God and man. Thus God became man. The third part of the Summa therefore deals with the life of Christ. In order to follow the way prescribed by this Perfect Man, in order to live with God's grace, which is necessary for man's salvation, the Sacraments have been provided, and the final part of the Summa considers the Sacraments. The entire Summa can be summarized roughly in this chart: God --------> Creation ---------> Man ^ | | v Sacraments <-------- Christ <---- Creation's return to
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God through man Summary of key opinions rendered in the Summa The Summa, Part I: Theology Aquinas's greatest work was the Summa , and it is the fullest presentation of his views. He worked on it from the time of Clement IV (after 1265) until the end of his life. When he died he had reached Question 90 of Part III, on the subject of penance . What was lacking was added afterwards from the fourth book of his commentary on the "Sentences" of Peter Lombard as a supplementum , which is not found in manuscripts of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The Summa was translated into Greek (apparently by Maximus Planudes , c. 1327), into Armenian, into many European tongues, and even into Chinese.
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