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patients regardless of insurance status. This is where the similarities end. Positive healthcare outcomes are more attainable for those with a high-income status.The patient interviewed lives in a high-income area. He stated his primary care physician is within five miles and is on the same campus as the hospital. He stated he has access to specialists, specifically stated he has access to an orthopedic provider for his foot. All of which makes getting to healthcare accessible. He stated he has insurance through his wife’s employer which gives him the ability to afford healthcare. This patient has the education, affordability and the ability to make healthy choices to achieve positive outcomes.
Running head: COMPREHENSIVE HEALTH ASSESSMENT FOR PATIENTS AND POPULATIONS 14Rural versus Urban Healthcare AccessRural populations can be characterizes as a small community or even country living or farmers. Rural populations typically depend on natural or organic resources. They usually contain small, family owned stores and businesses compared to big chains like supermarkets in urban areas. They lack access to technology and other resources. Rural populations may experience barriers to healthcare that includes the means to reach services like transportation, theinability to get paid time off of work due to being a family owned business, poor health literacy due to education level, and the lack of financial means to pay for services rendered. Access to basic health care and specialists may not be as available in rural communities compared to that ofurban areas. Urban areas have their own barriers that include lower socioeconomic status makingit difficult to afford healthcare, minority populations that can be transient making it difficult to obtain consistent care, access to poorer quality care, and a disproportionately high rate of emergency room use (Unite for Sight, 2015). Rural populations have difficulty accessing healthcare due to location and geography while urban populations may have difficulty accessing healthcare due to the inability to afford quality care. The patient interviewed stated he lives in a suburban area. He has easy access to healthcare including primary providers and hospitals. He has a higher level of education and economic stability to afford insurance. He stated having access to trails, sidewalks and parks affording him access to maintaining a healthy lifestyle.Neighborhood Healthy Food Options
Running head: COMPREHENSIVE HEALTH ASSESSMENT FOR PATIENTS AND POPULATIONS 15A healthy diet is inextricably linked to overall health benefits but the lack of healthy choices and oversaturation with unhealthy options leads to the population making poor nutritional choices which decreases their overall health (High, 2017). Low-income families typically have access to fast food chains where the meals are cheap which leads to obesity whereas high-income families typically have access to healthier food choices such as organic, fresh and healthy foods.