Instruments dadedu15 dadedu610 dadeduol dadedual

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Children’s bks, Exercise book, Preschool. Instruments: Dadedu15, Dadedu610, Dadeduol, Dadedual, Dadedupost, Momedu15, Momedu610, Momeduol, Momedual, Momedupost, Ptuition, Stuition, Hope, Opinion, Electric, Pbook, Tuseexer, Tuseblack, Nursery.
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50 Table 6: Estimates of Test Score Reduced Form Equations with School Characteristics OLS Instrument Variable (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) Math English First Lang. Math English First Lang. Sex -0.166*** -0.272*** -0.293*** -0.106* -0.211*** -0.233*** (0.043) (0.043) (0.047) (0.057) (0.065) (0.056) Age (months) 0.003** 0.002* 0.001 0.007*** 0.006** 0.005** (0.001) (0.001) (0.002) (0.002) (0.003) (0.002) First-born 0.213*** 0.360*** 0.268*** 0.162*** 0.265*** 0.224*** (0.039) (0.041) (0.040) (0.049) (0.058) (0.047) Mother’s age 0.017*** 0.022*** 0.020*** 0.013*** 0.017*** 0.015*** (0.004) (0.003) (0.003) (0.005) (0.005) (0.004) Tamil -0.217*** -0.055 -0.181** -0.443*** -0.317* -0.446*** (0.082) (0.098) (0.078) (0.149) (0.173) (0.143) Moor -0.342*** -0.109 -0.288*** -0.646*** -0.518** -0.626*** (0.097) (0.106) (0.088) (0.206) (0.245) (0.201) Burgher 0.456* 0.289 0.299*** 0.176 0.225 -0.049 (0.239) (0.311) (0.083) (0.336) (0.375) (0.152) Father yrs ed 0.050*** 0.060*** 0.050*** 0.053*** 0.068*** 0.049*** (0.007) (0.008) (0.007) (0.015) (0.016) (0.014) Mother yrs ed 0.028*** 0.025*** 0.033*** 0.055*** 0.044* 0.057*** (0.006) (0.006) (0.007) (0.018) (0.023) (0.018) Engl. at home 0.222*** -0.051 (0.069) (0.124) Sin/Tam at hm 0.379** 0.132 (0.170) (0.237) Log of acres 0.007 -0.002 0.004 -0.012 -0.036** -0.012 (0.012) (0.008) (0.011) (0.013) (0.016) (0.014) Electricity home 0.300*** 0.330*** 0.299*** 0.228*** 0.223*** 0.226*** (0.058) (0.059) (0.058) (0.068) (0.084) (0.069) Hope 0.048*** 0.045*** 0.045*** 0.079 0.026 0.126 (0.012) (0.012) (0.011) (0.108) (0.131) (0.096) Opinion 0.001 0.012 0.010 0.192*** 0.302*** 0.182** (0.008) (0.008) (0.008) (0.073) (0.089) (0.073) HH expenditure 0.131*** 0.165*** 0.145*** -0.130 0.087 -0.152 (0.038) (0.039) (0.039) (0.151) (0.183) (0.142) Drink from river -0.411*** -0.251 -0.260** -0.441** -0.291 -0.359** (0.132) (0.161) (0.111) (0.174) (0.182) (0.150) Pit latrine -0.111* -0.124** -0.153** 0.001 0.084 -0.039 (0.063) (0.061) (0.062) (0.103) (0.133) (0.099) Desks 0.087 0.025 0.016 0.111 0.044 0.043 (0.064) (0.058) (0.064) (0.088) (0.110) (0.085) Sch Family 0.160** 0.170** 0.150* 0.246** 0.265* 0.247** (0.079) (0.073) (0.077) (0.109) (0.136) (0.112) Boys school -0.251** -0.140* -0.138 -0.472*** -0.464** -0.320** (0.102) (0.077) (0.091) (0.166) (0.211) (0.153) Girls school 0.079 0.460*** 0.130 0.068 0.353 0.150 (0.089) (0.126) (0.083) (0.193) (0.261) (0.166) Teach yrs exp 0.007 0.009* 0.006 0.017** 0.023** 0.016*
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51 (0.005) (0.005) (0.005) (0.008) (0.010) (0.008) Par-teach mtg 0.032** 0.048*** 0.032** 0.066** 0.086** 0.070*** (0.012) (0.014) (0.012) (0.028) (0.037) (0.026) Pr yrs exp -0.001 0.001 -0.002 -0.005 -0.003 -0.007 (0.005) (0.005) (0.005) (0.008) (0.009) (0.007) Constant -3.657*** -4.325*** -3.857*** -8.470*** -12.913*** -7.817*** (0.566) (0.489) (0.629) (2.094) (2.601) (2.084) Observations 2329 2325 2325 2252 2248 2248 R-squared 0.29 0.39 0.34 0.04 Robust standard errors in parentheses * significant at 10%; ** significant at 5%; *** significant at 1% Instrumented (columns 4-6): Father yrs ed, Father yrs ed, HH expenditure , Hope, Opinion. Instruments: Dadedu15, Dadedu610, Dadeduol, Dadedual, Dadedupost, Momedu15, Momedu610, Momeduol, Momedual, Momedupost, Hhinc, Erechope, Nerecopin
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52 Table 7: Production Function, Instrument Variable Regression with School Variables Table 5 Results Table 5 dropped educational inputs (1) (2) (3) (7) (8) (9) Math English First Lang. Math English First Lang. Desks 0.130* 0.044 0.069 0.125** 0.068 0.059 (0.074) (0.076) (0.072) (0.062) (0.063) (0.063) Sch Family 0.101 0.066 0.101 0.147** 0.143* 0.130* (0.107) (0.114) (0.101) (0.071) (0.074) (0.074) Boys school -0.330*** -0.230** -0.193** -0.312*** -0.198** -0.190** (0.106) (0.091) (0.096) (0.100) (0.078) (0.089) Girls school -0.033 0.128 -0.030 0.037 0.418*** 0.099 (0.171) (0.186) (0.155) (0.101) (0.131) (0.093) Teach yrs exp 0.003 0.007 0.001 0.009** 0.010* 0.007 (0.006) (0.007) (0.006) (0.004) (0.005) (0.004) Par-teach mtg 0.018 0.030 0.017 0.026** 0.040** 0.024* (0.017) (0.020) (0.017) (0.012) (0.016) (0.012) Pr yrs exp 0.008 0.013** 0.007 -0.002 -0.000 -0.003 (0.006) (0.006) (0.006) (0.005) (0.005) (0.005) Constant -4.324*** -3.863*** -4.587*** -3.353*** -3.723*** -3.194*** (1.034) (1.167) (0.925) (0.445) (0.421) (0.516) Observations 2275 2271 2271 2430 2426 2426 R-squared 0.14 0.18 0.21 0.24 0.33 0.28 Robust standard errors in parentheses. * significant at 10%; ** significant at 5%; *** significant at 1% Table 8: Reduced Form, Instrument Variable Regression with School Variables Table 6 Results Table 6, dropped taste for education (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) Math English First Lang. Math English First Lang. Desks 0.111 0.044 0.043 0.082 0.016 0.014 (0.088) (0.110) (0.085) (0.062) (0.060) (0.062) Sch Family 0.246** 0.265* 0.247** 0.128* 0.109 0.112 (0.109) (0.136) (0.112) (0.071) (0.068) (0.071) Boys school -0.472*** -0.464** -0.320** -0.296*** -0.202*** -0.175* (0.166) (0.211) (0.153) (0.102) (0.076) (0.093) Girls school 0.068 0.353 0.150 -0.006 0.336*** 0.053 (0.193) (0.261) (0.166) (0.100) (0.128) (0.091) Teach yrs exp 0.017** 0.023** 0.016* 0.006 0.008 0.005 (0.008) (0.010) (0.008) (0.005) (0.005) (0.005) Par-teach mtg 0.066** 0.086** 0.070*** 0.020* 0.031** 0.018 (0.028) (0.037) (0.026) (0.012) (0.015) (0.012) Pr yrs exp -0.005 -0.003 -0.007 -0.002 -0.000 -0.004 (0.008) (0.009) (0.007) (0.005) (0.005) (0.005) Constant -8.470*** -12.913*** -7.817*** -3.776*** -5.066*** -3.762*** (2.094) (2.601) (2.084) (0.622) (0.562) (0.697) Observations 2252 2248 2248 2337 2333 2333 R-squared 0.04 0.25 0.35 0.30 Robust standard errors in parentheses. * significant at 10%; ** significant at 5%; *** significant at 1%
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53 Table A.1 Information Collected in NEREC Questionnaires I. Child Questionnaire (completed by child at school) Age, sex, number of older brothers and sisters, and younger brothers and sisters
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  • Winter '17
  • DR. G.K. MAKAU
  • Economics

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