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peace will not necessarily abolish it, for it does not at all follow thatmillions of workers who have now excellent arms in their hands wouldabsolutely and without fail permit themselves to be “disarmed peacefully”by the bourgeoisie instead of carrying out K. Liebknecht’s advice, i.e., toturn their arms against their ownbourgeoisie.The question as the pacifists and Kautskyans pose it—either a re-
TACTICS AND DISSENSIONS OF ZIMMERWALD LEFT 487formist political campaign or a repudiation of reforms—does not confrontus, since this is a bourgeois presentation of the question. Actually thequestion which confronts us is : either a revolutionary struggle, in whichreforms are side issues if success is incomplete (that they are has beenproved by the entire history of revolutions all over the world), or nothingexcept talk about reforms and promises of reforms.The reformism of Kautsky, Turati, and Bourderon, which is nowcoming forth in the form of pacifism, does not merely leave aside thequestion of revolution— (this is alreadya betrayal of socialism) ; doesnot merely repudiate in practice every systematic and persistent revolu-tionary activity—but also goes so far as to declare that street demonstra-tions are merely adventures (Kautsky in Neue Zeit,November 26,1915)8 and goes so far as to defend and achieve unity with the Siide-kums, Legiens, Renaudels, Thomases, and so forth, the open and decidedopponents of revolutionary struggle.This reformism is absolutely irreconcilable with revolutionary Marx-ism, which must make complete use of the present revolutionary situationin Europe for the direct advocacy of a revolution, the overthrow ofbourgeois government, and the seizure of power by the armed proletariat—all this without repudiating or making a pledge against the use of re-forms as a method of developing the struggle for the revolution as wellas during that struggle.The near future will reveal the course of events in Europe in generaland of the struggle between reformist-pacifism and revolutionary Marx-ism in particular, including the struggle between the two parts of theZimmerwald movement.B. D i s s e n s i o n s i n t h e Z i m m e r w a l d L e f tSocialists were in general united in their desire to abolish militarism and achieve total disarmament. They agreed that militarism was an attribute of capitalism, but they were not agreed as to whether arming or disarming the people was the correct policy under existing conditions. The documents which follow illustrate the arguments advanced by the ad-herents of the Zimmerwald Left on these issues.8 This refers to K. Kautsky’s article, “Fraktion und Partei,” in Neue Zeit,No. 9, November 26, 1915, pp. 269-76; Lenin, Sochineniia,XIX, 484, note 190.
488THE BOLSHEVIKS AND THE WORLD WARTHE DUTCH SOCIAL DEMOCRATS AND THE SLOGAN“ARMING THE PEOPLE”[From an Article by D. J. Wijnkoop]9IOne of the demands which is advanced by the Social Democraticparty (S.D.P.) of Holland in their program of action is that of armingthe people.
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