peace will not necessarily abolish it for it does not at all follow that

Peace will not necessarily abolish it for it does not

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peace will not necessarily abolish it, for it does not at all follow that millions of workers who have now excellent arms in their hands would absolutely and without fail permit themselves to be “disarmed peacefully” by the bourgeoisie instead of carrying out K. Liebknecht’s advice, i.e., to turn their arms against their own bourgeoisie. The question as the pacifists and Kautskyans pose it—either a re-
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TACTICS AND DISSENSIONS OF ZIMMERWALD LEFT 487 formist political campaign or a repudiation of reforms—does not confront us, since this is a bourgeois presentation of the question. Actually the question which confronts us is : either a revolutionary struggle, in which reforms are side issues if success is incomplete (that they are has been proved by the entire history of revolutions all over the world), or nothing except talk about reforms and promises of reforms. The reformism of Kautsky, Turati, and Bourderon, which is now coming forth in the form of pacifism, does not merely leave aside the question of revolution— (this is already a betrayal of socialism) ; does not merely repudiate in practice every systematic and persistent revolu- tionary activity—but also goes so far as to declare that street demonstra- tions are merely adventures (Kautsky in Neue Zeit, November 26, 1915)8 and goes so far as to defend and achieve unity with the Siide- kums, Legiens, Renaudels, Thomases, and so forth, the open and decided opponents of revolutionary struggle. This reformism is absolutely irreconcilable with revolutionary Marx- ism, which must make complete use of the present revolutionary situation in Europe for the direct advocacy of a revolution, the overthrow of bourgeois government, and the seizure of power by the armed proletariat —all this without repudiating or making a pledge against the use of re- forms as a method of developing the struggle for the revolution as well as during that struggle. The near future will reveal the course of events in Europe in general and of the struggle between reformist-pacifism and revolutionary Marx- ism in particular, including the struggle between the two parts of the Zimmerwald movement. B. D i s s e n s i o n s i n t h e Z i m m e r w a l d L e f t Socialists were in general united in their desire to abolish militarism and achieve total disarmament. They agreed that militarism was an attribute of capitalism, but they were not agreed as to whether arming or disarming the people was the correct policy under existing conditions. The documents which follow illustrate the arguments advanced by the ad- herents of the Zimmerwald Left on these issues. 8 This refers to K. Kautsky’s article, “Fraktion und Partei,” in Neue Zeit, No. 9, November 26, 1915, pp. 269-76; Lenin, Sochineniia, XIX, 484, note 190.
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488 THE BOLSHEVIKS AND THE WORLD WAR THE DUTCH SOCIAL DEMOCRATS AND THE SLOGAN “ARMING THE PEOPLE” [From an Article by D. J. Wijnkoop]9 I One of the demands which is advanced by the Social Democratic party (S.D.P.) of Holland in their program of action is that of arming the people.
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