References Wicks Nelson R Israel AC 2013 Abnormal Child and Adolescent

References wicks nelson r israel ac 2013 abnormal

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References: Wicks-Nelson, R. & Israel, A.C. (2013). Abnormal Child and Adolescent Psychology with DSM 5 Update . Boston: Pearson Education, Inc. Question 32 of 38 5.0 Points Summarize four patterns of infant-caretaker attachment and their relationship to later adjustment. Be specific. Four patterns of infant-caretaker attachment are secure attachment, insecure attachment avoidant type, insecure attachment resistant type, and disorganized/disoriented attachment. Infants that display secure attachment to caregivers will seek contact with that caregiver when distressed by caregiver separation. As a securely attached infant, as they age will display adaptive behavior such as competence and positive peer interactions. Insecure attachment avoidant type infants display less signs of distress and ignore their caregiver and insecure attachment resistant type infants display distress and ineffectively make attempts to seek contact with their caregiver. Infants with disorganized/disoriented attachment display behaviors that are contradictory such as both seeking and avoiding their caregiver. These infants are also display expressions that are undirected, misdirected and interrupted. As infants with both insecure attachment and more with disorganized/disoriented attachment grow to have maladaptive behaviors such as aggression, anxiety, and academic deficits.
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such as aggression, anxiety, and academic deficits. References: Wicks-Nelson, R. & Israel, A.C. (2013). Abnormal Child and Adolescent Psychology with DSM 5 Update. Boston: Pearson Education, Inc. Question 33 of 38 5.0 Points Contrast the authoritative, authoritarian, neglectful, and indulgent/permissive styles of parenting and the child characteristics associated with each style. The different parenting styles are authoritative, authoritarian, neglectful, and indulgent/permissive. Authoritative parenting involves the use of rules because the parents assume full control expecting children to follow these rules and follow through with consequences. The parents are often warm, accepting, and receptive to their children’s needs. Children of authoritative parents are typically independent, self confident, social and socially responsible. Authoritarian parenting style is when parents provide strict rules that are not to be challenged. With this style although it promotes child independence and individuality parents are cold to their children. With the neglectful parenting style the emotional needs of the child are often overlooked and parents are uninvolved with their children. Parents with indulgent/permissive style of parenting often do not set rules and boundaries for children allowing them to regulate their own behavior and impulses. Children of authoritarian, neglectful, and indulgent/permissive styles of parenting are typically aggressive, withdrawn, dependent, irresponsible and have low self esteem. They also demonstrate antisocial behavior, school issues and anxiety. References: Wicks-Nelson, R. & Israel, A.C. (2013). Abnormal Child and Adolescent Psychology with DSM 5 Update. Boston: Pearson Education, Inc.
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