market orientation earning more incomes. Coconut by-products were the most important sources of income contributing to 50% of the cash income of the coconut farmers on mainland Tanzania. In Zanzibar (Unguja) crop has accounted for 62% of the cash income Infrastructure facilities have been improved such as construction of offices, laboratories, workshops and sub stations have been established for field experimentation Human resources have been developed, both with short term training and postgraduate level training for staff. Under this project 296 persons have attended short courses, 68 have undertaken study tours, formal training for 55 at Diploma
7 level, 26 BSc, 24 MSc and 13 PhD programmes outside the country. Therefore, the coconut sector has developed remarkable capacity to sustainably continue coconut R&D in the future The Mikocheni Agricultural Research Institute (MARI) has been established and institutionalized under the National Agricultural Research System and mandated for promoting research and development of the coconut sub sector 3.2 Establishment of the Mikocheni Agricultural Research Institute (MARI): The NCDP has led to the institutionalizing of the coconut research and development by creating the Mikocheni Agricultural Research Institute (MARI) in 1996, within the premises of the NCDP and uses its facilities. MARI is mandated to continue the activities of the NCDP and consolidate the R&D related to coconut productivity improvement and processing. MARI located at Dar es Salaam has established a head office in the premises of the NCDP with facilities for financial and general administration, research facilities for coconut breeding, agronomy, pest and disease control, biotechnology, postharvest technology, socio-economics and extension. Plate 02 –Mikocheni Agricultural Research Institute, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
8 Plate 03 –Briefing the delegation on the status of coconut production in Tanzania The institute has also established two sub-stations at Chambezi and Mkuranga in the coastal region and two trial sites at Kifumangao and Tereni in Mafia. Sub stations were also established in Selem and Bambi in Zanzibar. 04.CHALLENGES AHEAD The NCDP project has achieved its objectives and could be termed a success story. The major issues that have to be addressed for the future will be the development of improved coconut varieties resistant to LYD, drought and climate change effects, production of quality planting materials that will be needed for replanting and new plantings, up scaling IPM technologies for pest control, including new pest occurrences such as the whitefly, development of suitable farming system models considering the agro-ecological and socio-economic status of the coconut smallholders, marketability of products and income generating capacity, development of processing techniques for product diversification and quality maintenance to improve the value chain focusing on domestic and foreign markets.