What are the characteristics of remarried couples? o Age and Gender- average ages are 33 for women and 36 for men o Gender and Race/Ethnicity- White Americans have highest rates and Asian Americans have the lowest. Men and women have fairly similar remarriage rates. o Social Class- least likely to remarry are the least-educated men and most- educated women. What are the differences between first marriages and remarriages? o People in first marriages report greater satisfaction than do remarried spouses. o Remarried spouses are more likely than first marriage to be critical/angry/irritable o Remarriages may suffer more from increased stress due to behavioral problems of adolescent stepchildren o Divorce rates for remarriages are higher than for first marriages o Remarried couples must deal with more boundary maintenance issues-such as insulating themselves against interference with ex-spouses and in-laws and establishing boundaries with new family members and relatives How are stepfamilies different from nuclear families? o The structure of stepfamilies is complex- it creates new roles for members to be o Stepfamilies must cope with unique tasks- redefining and establishing boundaries o Stepfamilies often experience more stress and conflict o The integration typically takes years rather than months o Important relationships may be cut off or end abruptly, others spring up overnight o There are continuous transitions and adjustments rather than stability o Stepfamilies are less cohesive than both nuclear and single-parent households o Stepfamilies have less flexibility in their everyday behavior o Stepfamily members often have unrealistic expectations o There is no shared family history- meaningful shared experiences must be created o There may be loyalty conflicts o Stepfamily roles are often ambiguous What are some common issues in merging two households after a remarriage? o Naming, sexual boundaries, legal issues, and distributing economic and emotional resources How do children fare in stepfamilies compared with children in first-marriage families? o Children in stepfamilies don’t fare as well as those in biological families. They have more problems academically.
What are the characteristics of successful stepfamilies? o Development of realistic expectations o Stepparents let children mourn their losses o Stepparents forge a strong couple relationship o The stepparent takes on a disciplinary role gradually o Stepfamilies develop their own rituals o Stepfamilies work out arrangements between the children’s households Chapter 16 How does life expectancy vary by sex, social class, and race-ethnicity? o Sex- women tend to live longer than men o Race-Ethnicity- women still outlive men and Latinos have the longest lifespans o Social Class- higher socioeconomic levels increase life expectancy Why are many older Americans working past age 65? o Social Security only replaces a portion of a person’s income upon retirement o Retirement ages for full Social Security benefits have risen o The Great Recession caused many to dip into retirement savings to pay for everyday expenses o Medicare can have high premiums and doesn’t include dental, eye care, long
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 7 pages?
- Spring '14
- divorce rates