Lombroso also contributed the prevention of sex

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diffusion of prostitution where there areas large number of sailors, soldiers, laborers. Preventive measures involve the redistribution of wealth to ensure greater equality against the influence of poverty and wealth that is suggested by Lombroso. Prevention of crime is considered to be a dream of the idealist. Lombroso suggests that crime prevention must consider the institution of the prison as the social defense against crime. Positivism was the first to claim the importance of looking at individual differ among criminals. The Positivist School has a deterministic approach to the criminal behavior and the prevention of crime through the treatment and rehabilitation of offenders. The difference between positivism and classical/neoclassical theory is that people are active agent with free will in a classical school. Unlike the Classical School, Positivism includes causes of crime suggests that people are passive and controlled. Positivism had many weaknesses that it advanced criminological theory by replacing by incompetence of age or insanity. The ideas of the classical school were rejected in the Positivism School. Positivist School contributed to the concept of justice indeterminate sentencing that explains the punishment should fit the criminal instead of the crime. The philosophy of rehabilitation was also included in the positivist. The classical theory think punishment should not be used for rehabilitation, but instead the punishment should be the magnitude of the crime. For Positivist, human beings had no responsibility for their crime.
However, the classical think human beings are selfish and are likely to commit crime and give uptheir freedom.A problem to positivist theories is Lombroso’s works that were not dimensional and stereotypical in his criminals based of male prisoners. The positivist theories cannot be adequately tested. Researching positivist has been a challenge by research.

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