First, they were taught Napoleon’s tactics but everyone could not make it work. Secondly, technology had advanced. Thirdly, the railroad was invented and meant bigger armies furnished with supplies. Forth, the telegraph had become a strategic objective for the North and South army.7The major theaters of war were Virginia, Western, and Combination. The Theaters of Virginia included Washington and Richmond. The Union wanted Richmond in hoes that it would end the war. However, that did not happen. Washington was seriously protected against attack by end of the war. Robert E. Lee made the Army of Northern Virginia famous. His army protected Richmond until the end of the war. When Lee left, the city fell. His main mission was to protect the Capital. The Army of the Potomac was the most famous of Union Armies. The army was commanded by several generals. Under Grant, Lee was forced to surrender. The Army of the Protomac was a great army that was not used to its full potential. When pressure was put on the commanders to “do something” mostly led to doing the wrong thing.8The Theaters of Western were the Tennessee – Mississippi River Valleys. This was the decisive Theater of War. The Confederate attempted to take Kentucky and Missouri from the Union. It was important for these states to remain with the Union. The west developed the best generals and army. Also, skills were developed. Jefferson Davis never understood the importance6 Preparations – Mexican War7 Preparations8 Theaters: Virginia
of the Western Theater. On July 4, 1863, the Union captured Vicksburg. This meant that the eastern armies could not get supplies from Texas or Arkansas. This was devastating for the Confederacy because they lost men and supplies. The capture of Vicksburg was Grants highlight.Later that year, Chattanooga was captured. That opened the door for Sherman’s Atlanta campaign. He then went on with the March to the Sea. This was detrimental for Southern morale.The military victories in the west that was responsible for the Union’s success. Sherman showed great generalship. That helped re-elect President Lincoln. The Southerners despised the March tothe Sea where property was destroyed but very few lives were lost. The March to the Sea made the South realize their army could not protect them. The Army of Northern Virginia that Lee was responsible for lost major soldiers. They went home to protect their families from Sherman’s
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