Presumed effect having blue eyes in this incarnation

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Presumed effect: Having blue eyes in this incarnation Testable? No, can't tell whether someone has been in a previous incarnation 2. Presumed cause: Pacers gaining momentum Presumed effect: Pacers doing better in the second half Testable? No, due to circularity 3. Presumed cause: Alcoholics being addicted to liquor Presumed effect: Alcoholic not being able to give up drinking Testable? No, due to circularity ▲4. Presumed cause: Reviewers praising the movie Presumed effect: The movie’s being a big hit Testable? This specific claim isn’t testable, but whether favorable reviews correlate with IM – 11 | 4
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box office success might be ascertained 5. Presumed cause: Monfort’s wanting to have bad luck Presumed effect: Monfort’s having bad luck Testable? No, due to vagueness 6. Presumed cause: My having been exposed to subliminal advertising Presumed effect: My liking Budweiser Testable? Whether subliminal advertising can potentially affect consumer preferences might be ascertainable 7. Presumed cause: A lack of mature vegetation Presumed effect: Being subject to mudslides Testable? Yes 8. Presumed cause: The growth of the Internet Presumed effect: A decline in insurance prices Testable? Whether there is a correlation can be ascertained 9. Presumed cause: The men’s being connected with bioterror and germ warfare Presumed effect: The men’s dying in strange and violent circumstances Testable? No, due to vagueness ▲10. Presumed cause: Hennley’s transferring his grief from his mother’s death to his dog’s Presumed effect: Hennley’s being upset when his dog died Testable? Difficult, but perhaps not impossible via “best diagnosis” method 11. Presumed cause: Her having a hard time waking up in the morning Presumed effect: Her sleeping late Testable? No, due to circularity 12. Presumed cause: Susan Blackmore having subconscious resistance to the idea that psychic phenomena exist Presumed effect: Susan Blackmore failing to find evidence of ESP in numerous experiments Testable? No. There is no way to tell whether someone resists something subconsciously, due primarily to the vagueness of the concept. 13. Presumed cause: Tourists defying an ancient curse by taking rocks home from Hawaii’s Volcanoes National Park Presumed effect: Tourists having the various misfortunes reported in the item Testable? One cannot know whether these misfortunes would have occurred if the rocks had not been taken home. Also there is no way of determining when an event qualifies as a misfortune, due to the vagueness of the concept. 14 . Presumed cause: The existence of Rap. Presumed effect: The existence of much violence IM – 11 | 5
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Testable? No, due to the vagueness of “much violence.” 15. Presumed cause: My father’s being a heavy drinker Presumed effect: My getting into so much trouble as a kid Testable? One might ascertain whether there is a correlation between heavy drinking on the part of fathers and getting into trouble on the part of their children, if sampling frames for these concepts were specified.
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Presumed effect Having blue eyes in this incarnation...

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