Sport Psychology Assignment 2.docx

Goals should be used to help the athletes to improve

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goals should be used to help the athletes to improve on the specific behaviors being monitored. Last, positive feedback for goal attainment such as publicly posted feedback for everyone to see, as mentioned earlier. 8. External instructional feedback, which consists of instructions presented to an athlete about a skill that was just performed. The instructions might identify aspects of the skill that were performed correctly, aspects of the skill that should be performed differently, or both.
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An example would be a volleyball coach telling a player that they are not setting up properly to serve the ball. 9. First, independent of whether the feedback is internal or external, it can function as a reinforcer or a punisher for the preceding behavior, and strengthen or weaken the behavior accordingly. Second, when an athlete is given instructional feedback, that feedback can exert rule-governed control over future attempts to perform that behavior. Third, performance feedback can play a major role in the motivating and directing athletes’ behavior towards the accomplishment of particular tasks. 10. There are 4 main steps of a performance feedback system for use with young athletes at practices. These 4 mains steps are to identify behaviors that you wish to improve, arrange for the behaviors to be recorded and charted, set performance goals, and to provide positive feedback for goal attainment. An example of the first step would be the number of successful saves by a goalie in net playing soccer. An example of the second step seen in volleyball, if the player completes a spiking drill perfectly 3 times in a row they can check their name off a list. An example of the third step would be if a soccer player set up his own goal to make 5 shots on net a game. An example of the last step would be for the volleyball coach to post on the whiteboard who completed the spiking drill. 15. Recruitment of positive feedback is a strategy to improve performance that involves an individual emitting a desirable behavior, and then telling someone about it in order to receive positive feedback. One way that this strategy is seen in the figure is, in the boxes labeled as “I set a practice goal for quantity” and “I set a practice goal for quality”. Another way is in the boxes labeled as “at least half of my practice was done with 100% effort and concentration”, which is a good way for the figure skater to observe how long they were holding concentration during practice. Chapter 7 1. In coach Dawson’s program, I say the points were conditioned reinforcers. This is because the stimulus was not originally reinforcing, but acquired reinforcing value with pairings with other reinforcers. For example, when the Coach told the players how many points they earned, he praised those who earned a lot of points therefore it’s conditioned.
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