- They actual spend the bulk of their time doing non criminal things 4.What is the main reason given for gang member migration within the United States? - 1. Family moved - 2. Avoid law enforcement crackdown 5.How has the age structure of gang members changed over time? - Age range 8-55 but the age is now increasing - Leaders tend to be older - They stay in gangs longer
6.What is considered to be the most dangerous gang in the U.S.? - MS-13 7.Know the reason why gang members are staying in gangs for a longer portion of their life course. - Their is reduced job opportunities - Criminal records & backgrounds 8.Know the three types of female gangs. - All female gangs - that are branches of male gangs - Sexually mixed gangs - Autonomous gangs 9.Know the various explanations for why youth join gangs (anthropological, rational choice, psychological). - Anthropological → gangs fit to kids tribal instinct → they join to fit in and have a sense of identity - Rational choice → REWARDS; Kids join gangs for protection, fun, economic reasons, survival - Psychological → Kids with personality problems, form gangs and become leaders Chapter 9: School and Delinquency 10.What are some of the problems facing the U.S. educational system discussed in the text and in class? - Most don't graduated - Low school attention is associated w/ delinquency - School funding - can't write/read - Truancy & drop out rates are high 1.What % of high school students drop-out in the U.S.? - Less than 20% 2.Is the percentage of high school dropouts increasing or decreasing in the U.S.? - For all ethnicities drop out rates decline significantly… today less than 20% of all students dropout of high school 3.Identify the long-term effects on adolescents of dropping out of school.
- Earning less money - No well paying job - Poverty - Unemployment 4.How do researchers explain the link between school drop-out and delinquency? - School failure leads to delinquency - School failure leads to emotional and psychological problems that cause antisocial behaviors - School failure and delinquency share a common cause 5. Know the characteristics of schools associated with low delinquency rates. - Low academic progress - Little school attachment - Poor teacher relations - Low educational/occupational goals - Dropping out 6.Know the characteristics of a school delinquency prevention plan based on behavioral strategies. - Limiting access to the schools - Monitoring the students - Employing law enforcement - Improve school climate 7.What rights do schools have to censor student speech (consider both active and passive speech)? - Students have free speech in school unless they disrupt class and teaching - School is allowed to censor publications - Students have free speech online related to school/teachers, as long as it is not on school site - Passive Speech - Such as T-shirts can be censored if disruptive 8.What rights do police vs. educators have to search students in school?
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- Fall '19