So it would be neutrophilia penia if theres a

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so it would be neutrophilia Penia = if there’s a decrease in a specific cell line Instead of saying philia, you can say cytosis Alterations in Granulocytic Count and Maturity *Table 28.1 Pg. 375* Increase in neutrophils; may be hereditary but in most cases its caused by a pathologic cause; most of the time, get acute neutrophilia from infections Causes: hemorrhage; inflammatory changes (when you have inflammation (swelling, redness, pain, heat, sometimes loss of fxn) – produce cytokines – say we need an increase in neutrophils – may not even be an infection, may be due to arthritis/etc.; certain medications will cause neutrophilia/penia; acute infections (pathogens may put out toxins to suppress neutrophils); certain malignancies; a physiological response to stress Alterations in Eosinophil Count In 2 disorders: allergies Certain parasitic infections Alterations in Basophil Count Certain malignancies How would you know? Alterations in Monocyte/Macrophage Count Monocytosis – Active TB; syphilis; strenuous exercise; certain autoimmune disorders; parasites
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Monocytopenia – seen during recovery from acute infections; seen after glucocortosteroids administered Alterations in Lymphocyte Count Lymphocytosis – certain viruses i.e. mumps and measles, viral diseases, acute infections, infectious momonucleosis, certain stages of syphilis Lymphopenia – malaria, certain infectious hepatitis, certain lymphomas and malignancies and TB; you normally have 2,000 Helper Cells/microL, in HIV/AIDS can be as low as 200
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