can be stored securely. To obtain a license, the person must satisfactorily provide a good reason for the police to own the firearm. According to Andrés and Hempstead (2011), the person must have a legitimate sporting activity, work-related or collective reason in order to own the firearm. The procedure includes having two referees who have known the person for at least two years, positive identity verification, approval of the family’s doctor, a scrutiny of the area for storage of the firearms and a face to face interview.Moreover, a person is automatically prohibited from possessing firearms when the personhas been sentenced to between three months and three years in prison up to five years upon
UK and USA Gun Laws 10release although this can be challenged in court and be successful if the crimes do not relate to the personal fitness to possess firearms. Illegal possession of firearms can lead up to 14 years of imprisonment (Haider‐Markel & Joslyn 2001). However, Northern Ireland is less restrictive in terms of acquiring firearms due to the Good Friday agreement allowing Northern Ireland to pass less restrictive laws but they are not allowed to transport their firearms to Great Britain.Hungerford Massacre. In August 1987, a Michael Ryan dressed in combat fatigues preceded around the town of Hungerford, where he killed 16 civilians, wounded fifteen, and then shooting himself in what is currently known as the Hungerford massacre. He was armed with a semi-automatic rifle and a berretta 92 pistol which was legally licensed (Sherman 2001; Moroz 2017). The aftermath of the attack led to the firearms amendment act of 1988, which banned the ownership of high powered self-loading rifles and imposed much more strict rules for one to obtain a firearm certificate with a magazine of more than two bullets. Dunblane Massacre.Moreover, in March 1996, a 43-year-old man by the name Thomas Hamilton killed 16 young children and their teacher at Dunblane primary school after which he shot himself. All the four handguns that he used in the attack were legally licensed. According to Chapman (2006), the tragedy led to improvement in the sharing of information by different departments and more tightened background checks. The personnel charged with licensing were unaware that Hamilton had previously been expelled by the scout association. This attack at Dunblane primary school led to the firearms (amendment) act of 1997. The act served to essentially prohibit private ownership of handguns within Britain. Cumbria Shootings
UK and USA Gun Laws 11A 52-year-old taxi driver named Derrick Bird shot and killed 12 people and injuring another 11 while driving through Cumbria. Similarly to the prior incidents, he shot himself after the attack. He was also in possession of licensed firearms. This attack did not lead to any notable change of law, unlike other previous attacks.