A birth that occurs 3 or more weeks before the full

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A birth that occurs 3 or more weeks before the full 38 weeks of the typicalpregnancy have elapsed—that is, at 35 or fewer weeks after conception.primary circular reactionsThe first of three types of feedback loops in sensorimotorintelligence, this one involving the infant’s own body. The infant senses motion, sucking, noise,and other stimuli, and tries to understand them.primary preventionActions that change overall background conditions to prevent someunwanted event or circumstance, such as injury, disease, or abuse.primary sex characteristicsThe parts of the body that are directly involved in reproduction,including the vagina, uterus, ovaries, testicles, and penis.private speechThe internal dialogue that occurs when people talk to themselves (either silentlyor out loud).Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS)Inaugurated in 2001, a plannedfive-year cycle of international trend studies in the reading ability of fourth-graders.prosocial behaviorFeelings and actions that are helpful and kind but are of no obvious benefitto oneself.protein-calorie malnutritionA condition in which a person does not consume sufficient food ofany kind. This deprivation can result in several illnesses, severe weight loss, and even death.
35proximal parenting(PROX-ih-mull) Caregiving practices that involve being physically close toa baby, with frequent holding and touching.psychoanalytic theory(sy-ko-ann-uh-LIT-ick) A grand theory of human development thatholds that irrational, unconscious drives and motives, often originating in childhood,underlie human behavior.psychological controlA disciplinary technique that involves threatening to withdraw love andsupport and that relies on a child’s feelings of guilt and gratitude to the parents.psychopathologyAn illness or disorder of the mind.puberty(PYOO-ber-tee) The time between the first onrush of hormones and full adult physicaldevelopment. Puberty usually lasts three to five years. Many more years are required to achievepsychosocial maturity.Qqualitative researchResearch that considers qualities instead of quantities. Descriptions ofparticular conditions and participants’ expressed ideas are often part of qualitative studies.quantitative researchResearch that provides data that can be expressed with numbers, such asranks or scales.RraceA group of people who are regarded by themselves or by others as distinct from othergroups on the basis of physical appearance.reaction timeThe time it takes to respond to a stimulus, either physically (with a reflexivemovement such as an eye blink) or cognitively (with a thought).
36reactive aggressionAn impulsive retaliation for another person’s intentional or accidentalaction, verbal or physical.reflexAn unlearned, involuntary action or movement emitted in response to a particularstimulus. A reflex is an automatic response that is built into the nervous system and occurswithout conscious thought.Reggio Emilia approach(RED-jo Eh-MEEL-yuh) A famous program of early-childhood

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Term
Fall
Professor
BrianneFriberg

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