Research Methodology (Chapter 2, 12 Questions)What is a hypothesis? What are a theory, a hypothesis and research different?What does it mean if a hypothesis is falsifiable? If it is parsimonious (i.e., has parsimony)?What are the differences among the experimental research design (i.e., an experiment), a correlational research design, and a descriptive study? What are the advantages of an experiment over a correlational study?What is a case study?What are the differences between naturalistic and participant observation?What are the differences among a positive, a negative and a zero correlation. What does the correlation coefficient tell us about the relationship between variables? How do we know from the correlation coefficient if the correlation is strong or weak? What can a correlation tell us about causation?
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General Psychology / Fall 2018 / Exam #1 Review Sheet / Page 2What is an illusory correlation?What are operational definitions in research?What are the differences between the independent and dependent variable in an experiment? What are the differences between the experimental and control group in an experiment?Explain the difference between random sampling and random assignment, and explain when each might be important. What is a confound? What are the differences among random, representative and convenience samples?Identify three characteristics that reflect the quality of data. Describe measures of central tendency and variability. Why do scientists and researchers use statistical methods to determine whether their results are statistically significant?What is replication in research and why is it important?Identify ethical issues associated with conducting psychological research on human participants. What is an Institutional Review Board (IRB) for research? What is informed consent in research and when is it required?Biology and Behavior (Chapter 3, 22 Questions)What are neurons?
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