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remember one row or the whole table. Those asked for a partial report are much better at it but it depends on how much time goes between showing the table and asking for it to be repeated. Sensory memory capacity is large but it fades over the course of one second.-SHORT-TERM MEMORY: stores info from sensory memory with a capacity of 7+/-2 items (so between 5-9 things). If chunked, we can remember more. Via rehearsal, this info can make it to long-term memory. -PRIMACY EFFECTS: better recall of the first few items from a list (long-term memory processes aid memory for these early items.)-RECENCY EFFECTS: better recall of the final few items (can be removed if there is a 30 second or over delay between study and test. -LONG-TERM MEMORY: divided in -IMPLICIT memory: PROCEDURAL: knowing how to do things like riding a bike and -EXPLICIT memories: SEMANTIC: facts about the world and EPISODIC: autobiographical facts. WORKING MEMORY:-PHONOLOGICAL LOOP: working memory has a brief/temporary store (phonological store) of mainly verbal info with a rehearsal mechanism. It converts written material into a phonological code (in left temporal lobe).- VISUO-SPATIAL SKETCHPAD: imagining the layout of something/place (occipital and parietal cortex- the what and where pathways).-EPISODIC BUFFER: mechanism that moves info to and from episodic and long-term memory. -CENTRAL EXECUTIVE: guides the process of figuring things out thru all these subdivisions (controlled in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex).-The visuo-spatial sketchpad, episodic buffer, phonological loop and central executive are fluid systems:cognitive processes that manipulate info, while visual semantics, episodic long-term
memory and language are crystallized systems:cognitive systems that accumulate long-term knowledge.EPISODIC MEMORY:-AUTONOETIC= self-knowing. Auto-noetic awareness requires a healthy frontal lobe. Having a sense of time is also about auto-noetic awareness.-Children don’t develop episodic memory until 6 years old. They have a hard time telling apart what they’ve known their whole lives and what they just learned.-‘Butcher on the bus phenomenon’: the feeling of knowing a person without being able to remember the circumstances of any previous meeting or anything else about this person. This is knowing without remembering (no episodic memory). -IMPLICIT MEMORY: memory without episodic awareness-> memory was encoded when we weren’t consciously paying attention to it.- EXP: people shown a list of incorrectly spelled words and they later tended to make those spelling mistakes without realizing it.SEMANTIC MEMORY:-TIP OF THE TONGUE PHENOMENON: knowing that you know something without quite being ableto recall it. Occurs more with low frequency words/concepts (those you don’t access often). Seeing similar sounding words can reduce TOT. -QUILLIAN’S TEACHABLE LANGUAGE COMPREHENDER (TLC): a model for semantic memory: things are categorized in units (animal), properties (has wings) and pointers (a canary is a bird). Verifying facts that specify relationships farther apart in the network will take longer than