() United Nations Environment Program The United Nations Environment Program ( UNEP ) is an international institution (a program, rather than an agency of the UN) that coordinates United Nations environmental activities, assisting developing countries in implementing environmentally sound policies and practices. It was founded as a result of the United Nations Conference 102
on the Human Environment in June 1972 and has its headquarters in the Gigiri neighborhood of Nairobi, Kenya. UNEP also has six regional offices and various country offices. The mission of UNEP is to provide leadership and encourage partnership in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing, and enabling nations and peoples to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations. Its activities cover a wide range of issues regarding the atmosphere, marine and terrestrial ecosystems, environmental governance and green economy. It has played a significant role in developing international environmental conventions, promoting environmental science and information and illustrating the way those can be implemented in conjunction with policy, working on the development and implementation of policy with national governments, regional institutions in conjunction with environmental Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). UNEP has also been active in funding and implementing environment related development projects. UNEP has aided in the formulation of guidelines and treaties on issues such as the international trade in potentially harmful chemicals, transboundary air pollution, and contamination of international waterways. ( ) International Environmental Agreements on conservation of Natural Resources Convention on biological diversity (CBD). Ramsar convention on wetlands of international importance. United Nations Convention on Combating Desertification (UNCCD) United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants Convention on biological diversity (CBD) This is an international agreement in 1992. It has three main objectives: 103
To conserve biological diversity To use its components in a sustainable way To share fairly and equitably the benefits arising from the use of genetic resources. The CBD was negotiated under the guidance of the United Nations. It was signed by more than 150 government leaders at the Rio Earth Summit (which official denomination is the ‘United Nations Conference on Environment and Development’). The convention is now one of the most widely ratified international treaties on environmental issues, with 188 member countries.
- Spring '13