In June 1956, the Soviets sent tanks and troops to Hungary to put an end to
protests demanding a more democratic political system. Although President
Eisenhower publicly condemned Soviet actions, he refused to intervene and come
to the aid of the Hungarian people, recognizing that efforts to do so would likely
start a war with the Soviet Union.
In 1949, communists led by Mao Zedong defeated nationalist forces in the Chinese
Civil War and established a communist government. Despite providing military aid
to the nationalist forces, the United States was not able to prevent the communists
from winning. The communists were better organized than the nationalists. This
was a major defeat to U.S. efforts to prevent the spread of communism in Asia.
President Truman was blamed for having “lost China.” With the establishment of a
communist regime in the largest country in the world, many people believed that
communism would spread throughout the rest of Asia.
In the 1960s, the United States sent thousands of troops and spent millions of
dollars to support the South Vietnamese government during the Vietnam War.
Despite the efforts of the United States, it was ultimately unable to prevent
North Vietnam from invading South Vietnam and uniting Vietnam under a
communist regime. Communism then spread throughout Southeast Asia.
Communist governments were established in Cambodia and Laos, with the
support of China.
Latin America/the Caribbean:
In 1959, Cuban revolutionaries under the leadership of Fidel Castro overthrew the
corrupt Cuban government, and Castro appeared to be establishing a communist
government in Cuba. The United States viewed this situation as an attempt by the
Soviet Union to export communism to the Western Hemisphere. The United States
decided to place an embargo on Cuban goods. In response, Castro decided to
nationalize key industries in Cuba, which was a direct threat to American
businesses operating in Cuba. In 1961, President Kennedy authorized the Bay of
Pigs Invasion. The United States provided training, transportation, and logistical
support for anticommunist counterrevolutionaries to invade Cuba at the Bay of
Pigs. However, the invasion failed to oust Fidel Castro’s communist regime in
Cuba. The counterrevolutionaries were quickly defeated and captured. Cuba
remained a communist state throughout and after the Cold War.
Accept other reasonable responses.