In june 1956 the soviets sent tanks and troops to

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In June 1956, the Soviets sent tanks and troops to Hungary to put an end to protests demanding a more democratic political system. Although President Eisenhower publicly condemned Soviet actions, he refused to intervene and come to the aid of the Hungarian people, recognizing that efforts to do so would likely start a war with the Soviet Union. Asia: In 1949, communists led by Mao Zedong defeated nationalist forces in the Chinese Civil War and established a communist government. Despite providing military aid to the nationalist forces, the United States was not able to prevent the communists from winning. The communists were better organized than the nationalists. This was a major defeat to U.S. efforts to prevent the spread of communism in Asia. President Truman was blamed for having “lost China.” With the establishment of a communist regime in the largest country in the world, many people believed that communism would spread throughout the rest of Asia. In the 1960s, the United States sent thousands of troops and spent millions of dollars to support the South Vietnamese government during the Vietnam War. Despite the efforts of the United States, it was ultimately unable to prevent North Vietnam from invading South Vietnam and uniting Vietnam under a communist regime. Communism then spread throughout Southeast Asia. Communist governments were established in Cambodia and Laos, with the support of China. Latin America/the Caribbean: In 1959, Cuban revolutionaries under the leadership of Fidel Castro overthrew the corrupt Cuban government, and Castro appeared to be establishing a communist government in Cuba. The United States viewed this situation as an attempt by the Soviet Union to export communism to the Western Hemisphere. The United States decided to place an embargo on Cuban goods. In response, Castro decided to nationalize key industries in Cuba, which was a direct threat to American businesses operating in Cuba. In 1961, President Kennedy authorized the Bay of Pigs Invasion. The United States provided training, transportation, and logistical support for anticommunist counterrevolutionaries to invade Cuba at the Bay of Pigs. However, the invasion failed to oust Fidel Castro’s communist regime in Cuba. The counterrevolutionaries were quickly defeated and captured. Cuba remained a communist state throughout and after the Cold War. Accept other reasonable responses.
U.S. HISTORY PRACTICE TEST ANSWER KEY 50 U.S. History Practice Test Answer Key Student Responses for Session 3 Item 48 Prompt Using the sources and your knowledge of U.S. history, explain whether the U.S. policy of containment was effective or ineffective, using examples from two different geographical places where the policy was implemented to justify your position.

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