Agents of ideological social control ideological

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Agents of Ideological Social Control Ideological social control: (belief systems) the attempt to manipulate the consciousness of citizens so that they accept the ruling ideology and refused to be moved by competing ideologies Peter Berger has identified 8 sources of social control: 1) Force - the use of violence or threats of violence 2) Economic rewards or punishments - the promise or denial of material rewards 3) Ridicule or gossip - fear of being belittled for outside group expectations 4) Ostracism - the threat or actual removal from the group 5) Fraud and deception - actions to manipulate (trick) others to conform 6) Belief systems - the use of ideology to induce individuals to conform 7) The sphere of intimates - pressures from close friends, peers, and relatives to conform 8) The contract - actions controlled by the stipulations of a formal agreement Other goals are to persuade the members of society to comply willing with the law and to accept without question the existing distribution of societal power and rewards; these goals are accomplished in at least three ways: 1) Ideological social control is accomplished through the socialization of youth 2) Ideological conformity occurs by frontal attacks on competing ideologies by politicians, pastors, teachers, and other people in authority 3) There are propaganda efforts by political authorities to convince the public of which actions are moral, who the enemies are, and why certain courses of government action are required Ideological social control is more effective than overt social control measures because individuals impose controls upon themselves Family The primary responsibility of parents is to teach their children the attitudes, values, and behavior considered appropriate by the parents (and society) Parents universally want their children to succeed Success is measured in terms of not only monetary achievement, but also whether the child fits in society Fitting in requires that the child learns to behave and think in the ways that are deemed proper Education The formal system of education is an important societal agent for conformity The school insists that the behavioral standards of the community be maintained in speech, dress, and demeanor Textbooks used in schools have typically not provided an accurate account of history, but rather an account that is biased in the direction the authorities wish to perpetuate Another indicator of bias is the contrast between descriptions of the behavior of the US and the behavior of its enemies in wars
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One critic of the school is concerned with problem of conformity, which taken to the extreme results in blind obedience to malevolent figures Religion Religious groups are actively involved with social control Most noticeably, they typically have guidelines for the behavior of members and punishments for disobedience Established religion in the US tends to reinforce status quo
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