Government and administration will be established the

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government and administration will be established, the human and other resources exploited, and regular forces created. Guerrilla warfare with no bases, says Mao Tse Tung, “it is nothing but roving banditism” unable to maintain links with the population, it cannot develop and is bound to be defeated.
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Objectively, there is no difference between ordinary, everyday bandit activity in almost every country and the first guerrilla actions. What makes it possible for the guerrillas to survive and to expand? – The complexity of the population. It is the key to the guerrilla warfare. The participation of the population in the conflicts is obtained through political organization (the party), living among population, backed by force ( the guerrilla gangs), which eliminates the open enemies, intimidate the potential ones, and relies on those among the population who actively supports the insurgents.
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The guerrilla operations will be planned primarily not so much against the counterinsurgent as in order to organize the population. An ambush against the counterinsurgent patrol may be a military success, but if it does not bring the support of a village, or implicate its population against the counterinsurgents, it is not a victory because it does not lead to an expansion
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Where does the insurgents operates???? In the areas whereby the cannot easily control and where the guerrilla organization can consequently survive and develop. The factors in selecting the first area of operations are: i. The strength of the insurgent’s organization among the population that has been achieved in preliminary work.(Liberated area that have been set up) ii. The remoteness of the areas form the centre of the counterinsurgent’s (government power) forces. (Interior area such as in Gubir, Kedah, Sungai Siput, Perak) iii. Inaccessibility locations or spots due to terrain and poor communication. (mountainous region, dense jungle) iv. Locations that located on both sides of administrative borders, which makes it difficult for the enemy to coordinate his reactions. (example: During second Emergency places like Kroh, Pengkalan Hulu in Perak were infested by CPM guerrillas as the location was closer to the Thailand Borders.)
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The Fourth Step: Movement Warfare Guerrilla warfare cannot win the decision against a resolute enemy. Timing is a problems, as the guerrillas need time to established their forces and logistical supports such as armaments, and intelligence. Preparation of troops must be made according to the strength of the enemy forces. So that the balance of power will be created in the battle field.
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Armament is the foremost difficulties as the amount and type of weapons and equipment available set the limit for the expansion of the insurgent’s guerrilla forces. Production in the bases cannot be counted upon, because the arsenals offer fixed and easy targets for the counterinsurgent. Solutions: capture from the enemy and supply from abroad (smuggles).
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