The expansion of agrofuels in northern Honduras, specifically in the Bajo Aguán Valley, has meant the escalating of violence over land possession and land access small farmers and rural communities, who have been subject of violent evictions, dispossession and marginalization at high rates even reaching high level of human rights violations. The fertile valley has seen the expansion of palm oil especially by the Dinant Corporation from Honduras that has being financed by foreign capital, especially from the World Bank and other financial projects from the European Union within the framework of carbon trade mechanisms. Those financial endorsements are fueling the land grabs in Bajo Aguán Honduras. Therefore, the smallholder farmers and other rural dwellers are being subject of increasing pressure from investors and agribusiness in a context of global booming consumption of food and biofuels. , therefore the arising conflict from the expansion of agribusiness within those rural spaces becomes more evident, as the state takes an stance by the corporations and private capital to modernize and develop the neglected agriculture sector of the country. The results of the study and the comparison, suggest that a convergence of actors and approaches influence on the impacts of such differentiated impacts. There is influence exerted by powerful actors such as the state, the corporation and the
49 international financial agencies, which enforce a developmental and neoliberal agenda that end up in appropriating land from peasants and rural poor. On the contrary, the project of small-scale jatropha implements policies with lower action of big corporations and international development agencies, which ultimately downplay the regulations and conditions on those national corporations and from the states to develop such projects.
50 ANNEX Fig # 1. Chamda Report. Page 13. Table # 1. Expansion of Area for Oil Palm in Honduras Region Total Area (ha) Expansion Area (ha) Sico 50,000 30,000 Mosquitia 120,000 30,000 Aguán 140,000 50,000 Leán 80,000 35,000 Sula 150,000 35,000
52 References A Andersen, Astrid (2012): Climate change and institutional change. Knowledge on the move in Arequipa, Peru. Paper NOLAN Conference. Stockholm University. April 28th. Publisher: University of Copenhagen. Anseeuw, W., L. Alden Wily, L. Cotula, and M. Taylor. 2012. “Land Rights and the Rush for Land: Findings of the Global Commercial Pressures on Land Research Project”. ILC, Rome.Baker (2006): Sustainable Development. Routledge. Borras, Saturnino Jr. Global Land Grabbing and trajectories of agrarian change: a preliminary analysis (2012). Pp. 34-59. Borras, Saturnino Jr. and Jennifer Franco (2010): Towards a Broader View of the Politics of Global Land Grab: Rethinking Land Issues, Reframing Resistance. ICAS Working Paper Series No. 001. Borras, Saturnino Jr., Philip McMichael and Ian Scoones. The politics of biofuels, land and agrarian change. The Journal of Peasant Studies. Vol. 37, No. 4, October 2010, 575–592 Chamda, Ngassa Franklin. Using EC-Assess to Assess a Small Biofuels Project in Honduras. Journal of Education for Sustainable Development 2010 4: 287-296. September 2010.
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