Coordinating the actions of govt officials The idea of recruiting individuals

Coordinating the actions of govt officials the idea

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Coordinating the actions of gov’t officials The idea of recruiting individuals to run for public office. Nominating candidates The idea of putting forth and advocating government policies to be pursued. Proposing alternative gov’t programs Mentor Note: Notice that the first one of these functions is the characteristic that most distinguishes political parties from interest groups, which you will learn more about in Chapter 10. Interest groups are another informal institution that link citizens to government. Where political parties seek to place people in public office, interest groups only seek to influence those who occupy public office. In short, political parties seek to place their members in public office while interest groups do not. Section 8.2 A History of U.S. Party Politics & Section 8.3 The American Two-Party System Answer the following questions: 1. Historically, our political system has been dominated by two political parties. What are two explanations for why we have this two-party system? Our historical patterns of policital socialization, the way our electoral college is set up 2. Describe the difference between an electoral realignment and a critical elections . A critical election is An election that produces a sharp change in the existing pattern of party loyalties among groups of voters. 3. Which critical election established the Democratic and Republican Parties in our two- party system? The election of 1860 4. Describe the idea of party identification. a voter's sense of psychological attachment to a party Page 25 of 50
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Study Guide Survey of United States Government and Constitution 5. What role does party identification play in fostering our two-party system? A big role. We go with what we identify with 6. How is this idea related to the second major function of political parties? 7. Circle, highlight, or check the correct answer. On the whole, party stances on issues and public policy tend to reflect the organization’s ideological orientation. True False Section 8.4 Party Ideology and Organization Mentor Note: Everyone is unique. It is not the case that everyone will see everything the same way or react to things the same way. However, some commonalities have been discovered among people with similar social backgrounds. Here some general tendencies about the relationship between background factors and a person's political outlook have been uncovered by political research over the years. These findings have to do with six social background factors in particular: education, income, and region, race/ethnicity, religion, and gender. Considering each of these factors alone, political researchers have found a significant relationship between such factors and certain political values. Based on the textbook (see Chapter 5), complete the statements below pertaining to each social background factor.
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