Some jobs more difficult than others Unequal rewards motivate individuals to strive for best job they can Social class is continuum – if we are going to motivate people to do these higher jobs then we have to pay them more Traditional Conflict o Inequality is result of economic exploitation – the process by which the labor of some people produces wealth that is controlled by others o Class division is not determined by skill or talent o People who own and control property have resources and power over those who do not Economic exploitation Social class not on continuum Families and Social Class: Theories Weber – class inequality is explained through opportunities available to individuals (life chances) o Those with few material resources have low life chances Really important when thinking about mobility of families and the idea that social class is often transmitted across generations – if your family is working class you will be too (not being exposed to as many opportunities) o Explains how social class works within families – parents resources affect life chances of children Pierre Bourdieu – Social Capital o The access to resources people have by virtue of relationships and connections within a social network o Contributes to class stratification o Families are networks that connect us with social capital *Taken from Charts: *Taken from Charts:
Social networks are crucial to understanding class stratification and inequality The American Class Structure Social class categories – Wright and Rogers 2011 o Imprecise but provide useful framework for thinking about social class o Upper (the elite, people we will never really meet), upper middle (between the two with a rather lavish lifestyle with careers not jobs), middle (like upper middle but not as many nice things and more modest lifestyle), working (less stability in terms of employment, have more jobs than careers without specialized training and maybe send their kids to community college), lower (everything below the last one, living in poverty and instability in living situations) Generally individuals to die in same social class they were born into – social mobility across generations is difficult Social mobility – moving above and below classes Families in Social Class Networks o Figure 4.3 – lot of connections between people in a particular class, but very few that cross class lines to a higher/ lower class We tend to socialize with people in our social class We also marry in our social class US Family Income Distribution 2011 o Figure 4.5 – gives us an idea on how families differ, but not strict distinction between classes Educational Inequality – high school dropout and college completion rates o Figure 4.13 – drop out and college rates based on family income Really important when looking at how important education is with their jobs and therefore income The more education the more money you have as an adult – although this is
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- Fall '08