Phallic (4-7 years of age): During this stage, preschoolers take pleasure in their genitals -- children become aware of their bodies, the bodies of other children, and the bodies of their parents; they gratify physical curiosity by undressing and exploring each other and their genitals, and so learn the physical (sexual) differences between "male" and "female" and the gender differences between "boy" and "girl". Latency (7-12 years of age): During this stage, sexual instincts subside, and children begin to further develop the superego, or conscience. Children begin to behave in morally acceptable ways and adopt the values of their parents and other important adults. Genital (13+ years of age): During this stage, sexual impulses reemerge. If other stages have been successfully met, adolescents engage in appropriate sexual behavior, which may lead to marriage and childbirth -- sexuality is consensual and adult, rather than solitary and infantile. The psychological difference between the phallic and genital stages is that the ego is established in the latter; the person's concern shifts from primary-drive gratification (instinct) to applying secondary process-thinking to gratify desire symbolically and intellectually by means of friendships, a love relationship, family and adult responsibilities. The stages Age Name Pleasure source Conflict 0-2 Oral Mouth: sucking, biting, swallowing Weaning away from mother's breast 2-4 Anal Anus: defecating or retaining feces Toilet training 4-7 Phallic Genitals Oedipus (boys), Electra (girls) 7-12 Latency Sexual urges sublimated into sports and hobbies. Same-sex friends also help avoid sexual feelings.
13+ Genital Physical sexual changes reawaken repressed needs. Direct sexual feelings towards others lead to sexual gratification. Social rules
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