On paper a country can seem extremely democractic but in practice they are not

On paper a country can seem extremely democractic but

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- On paper a country can seem extremely democractic but in practice they are not. Karl and Simitter stated this well. - Electoralism derives our attention from the government. Interests groups protesting can all happen in a demogracy. Just focusing on elections obsecures the other votes - - “Electroalism”: elections = democracy - Majoirty rule = democracy o Can lead to the removal to the rights of the minioirty groups o A lot of democracies somehow qualkify the majority rule, so the majority isn’t the cretieain to win the paty of the country. o It removes the majority rule such as freedom of religion, so some things you wont be able to decide o Frederalism is another way which is a.. Especiallu if there is an ethic or religious group in some areas of the country can’t really be taken away. Ex. Labbaoden they are a religious diverse place, and some places there are for some specifc religions o If all these are problematic how do we provide a better defintions of democracy A better definition of democracy - Robert Dahl: “Polyarchy” – a list. Of procedurally minimal conditions o Policy decisions made by elected officials (the alternative would be that they would elected by civil decisions and other people) o Free and fair elections, featuring minimal coercion o Nearly all adukts have right to vote (so for example some countries say some women cannot vote, only whites can voyte, etc. People have to be mentally able to vote) o Nearly all adults can run for office o Right of free expression on political matters o Right to seek out alternatives sources of information o Right to form associations i.e parties, interstest groups Schmitter and Karl add: - Elected officials not impeded by unelected ones (i.e. the. Militarly)
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- In other words a colony cannot be a society, if that country cannot make decisions for itself therefore it is not a democracy (policy is self governing, not overridden by the other power - Not all “dictatorships” are alike o Dictorships is one of the words used to describe non-democracies - Why study them? In recent eras, to determine how they would\could democratize The reason you might study non-authortian, non-demovcraices is you want to think about how they might democracize. The hope is to have over a 100 states that are democratic o The idea is to figure out which paths they might use to democratize. o Russian has been back sliding on becoming one o In north America and Europe they have been in danger for de-democratization Authoritarianism - Has some pluralism exists - Its because this state emerges from relifous groups, etc there is some pluralism, so there are sources of power. o For ex if there is a religious group that are really powerful in society you get them in your government or in some way be involved with you - They don’t really have real ideological commitment - Stable expectations o Rules and laws to private people. So, if you wanna stay out of trouble for ex.
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