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Moliere’s Tartuffed.ii.Influenced by Racine and commedia dell’arted.iii.With the return of King Charles II from France the English theater started to changee.Changes on the English Stagee.i.New theaterse.i.1.long and narrowe.i.2.Indoorse.i.3.Artificial lightinge.i.4.Open year roundf.Restoration stagef.i.Apron: area in front of proscenium arch, equal in size to stage behind arch. Provided intimacy between actor and audiencef.ii.Entire stage ranked to improve sightlinesf.iii.Upstage – downstagef.iv.Indoor lighting was candles, chandeliersf.v.Costumes: contemporary clothingf.vi.New theaters allowed for new realistic scenic designsf.vi.1.Receding spacef.vi.2.Painted backdropsf.vi.3.Actors enter/exit stage from wings or in between drops
g.Theatersg.i.Proscenium arch buildings (did not frame the stage yet)g.i.1.Pit - raked with benches – mid priced seatsg.i.2.Boxes – expensive seatsg.i.3.Galleries – cheapest seatsh.Drama – John Dryden 17thCenturyh.i.Heroic tragedy – extraordinary characters who undertook extraordinary deedsh.i.1.Themes of love and honorh.i.2.Lots of deathh.ii.Reworking Shakespeare’s with happy endingsi.Restoration Comedyi.i.Comedy of humor – one trait overshadows all othersi.ii.Farcesi.iii.Comedies of mannersi.iii.1.Influenced by Molierei.iii.2.Makes fun of manners of society (Importance of Being Earnest)i.iii.3.Fashion and foibles of the upper classi.iii.4.Gossip, adultery, sexi.iii.5.Witty repartee-exchange of dialoguei.iii.6.Stock characters whose names describe their personalityi.iii.7.Dramatisti.iii.7.a.William Wycherleyi.iii.7.a.i.William Congrevei.iv.Comedies of intrigue, romance and adventurei.iv.1.Aphra Behn: first known English woman dramatist on stagej.Audiencej.i.Primarily upper classj.ii.Dramatists focused their work on their livesj.iii.Themesj.iii.1.Marriages of convenience are a target because of people seeking “suitable marriages”j.iii.1.a.Social statusj.iii.1.b.Financial statusj.iii.1.c.Adulteryj.iii.1.d.Betrayalk.18thCentury Dramak.i.Neoclassic valuesk.ii.Heroic tragedy – moral, valued the community, self sacrificek.iii.Sentimental comedy – played on the emotions of the audience in order to arouse sympathy for characterk.iv.Actressk.iv.1.First appeared on English stage in 1660
k.iv.2.Cross-dressing – breech rolesk.iv.3.Famous actresses:k.iv.3.a.Nell Gwynnk.iv.3.b.Elizabeth Barryk.iv.3.c.Anne Bracegirdlek.iv.4.Famous Actorsk.iv.4.a.Thomas Bettertonk.v.Actorsk.v.1.Facial expressionsk.v.2.Strong mellow voicek.v.3.Figuresk.v.4.Claptraps: a trick to garner applausek.vi.Companiesk.vi.1.Share system disappeared replaced with contract systemk.vi.2.Actors hired for specific partsk.vi.3.Benefits: yearly performances dedicated to one actor who would keep all the profitsk.vi.4.New plays rehearsed for 2 weeksk.vi.5.Company manager ran rehearsalsk.vii.David Garrickk.vii.1.18thcentury actork.vii.2.Manager of Drury Lanek.vii.3.