Molieres tartuffe dii influenced by racine and

This preview shows page 12 - 15 out of 25 pages.

Moliere’s Tartuffe d.ii. Influenced by Racine and commedia dell’arte d.iii. With the return of King Charles II from France the English theater started to change e. Changes on the English Stage e.i. New theaters e.i.1. long and narrow e.i.2. Indoors e.i.3. Artificial lighting e.i.4. Open year round f. Restoration stage f.i. Apron: area in front of proscenium arch, equal in size to stage behind arch. Provided intimacy between actor and audience f.ii. Entire stage ranked to improve sightlines f.iii. Upstage – downstage f.iv. Indoor lighting was candles, chandeliers f.v. Costumes: contemporary clothing f.vi. New theaters allowed for new realistic scenic designs f.vi.1. Receding space f.vi.2. Painted backdrops f.vi.3. Actors enter/exit stage from wings or in between drops
g. Theaters g.i. Proscenium arch buildings (did not frame the stage yet) g.i.1. Pit - raked with benches – mid priced seats g.i.2. Boxes – expensive seats g.i.3. Galleries – cheapest seats h. Drama – John Dryden 17 th Century h.i. Heroic tragedy – extraordinary characters who undertook extraordinary deeds h.i.1. Themes of love and honor h.i.2. Lots of death h.ii. Reworking Shakespeare’s with happy endings i. Restoration Comedy i.i. Comedy of humor – one trait overshadows all others i.ii. Farces i.iii. Comedies of manners i.iii.1. Influenced by Moliere i.iii.2. Makes fun of manners of society (Importance of Being Earnest) i.iii.3. Fashion and foibles of the upper class i.iii.4. Gossip, adultery, sex i.iii.5. Witty repartee-exchange of dialogue i.iii.6. Stock characters whose names describe their personality i.iii.7. Dramatist i.iii.7.a. William Wycherley i.iii.7.a.i. William Congreve i.iv. Comedies of intrigue, romance and adventure i.iv.1. Aphra Behn: first known English woman dramatist on stage j. Audience j.i. Primarily upper class j.ii. Dramatists focused their work on their lives j.iii. Themes j.iii.1. Marriages of convenience are a target because of people seeking “suitable marriages” j.iii.1.a. Social status j.iii.1.b. Financial status j.iii.1.c. Adultery j.iii.1.d. Betrayal k. 18 th Century Drama k.i. Neoclassic values k.ii. Heroic tragedy – moral, valued the community, self sacrifice k.iii. Sentimental comedy – played on the emotions of the audience in order to arouse sympathy for character k.iv. Actress k.iv.1. First appeared on English stage in 1660
k.iv.2. Cross-dressing – breech roles k.iv.3. Famous actresses: k.iv.3.a. Nell Gwynn k.iv.3.b. Elizabeth Barry k.iv.3.c. Anne Bracegirdle k.iv.4. Famous Actors k.iv.4.a. Thomas Betterton k.v. Actors k.v.1. Facial expressions k.v.2. Strong mellow voice k.v.3. Figures k.v.4. Claptraps: a trick to garner applause k.vi. Companies k.vi.1. Share system disappeared replaced with contract system k.vi.2. Actors hired for specific parts k.vi.3. Benefits: yearly performances dedicated to one actor who would keep all the profits k.vi.4. New plays rehearsed for 2 weeks k.vi.5. Company manager ran rehearsals k.vii. David Garrick k.vii.1. 18 th century actor k.vii.2. Manager of Drury Lane k.vii.3.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture