Achieved marks well into level 3 or even level 4 if

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achieved marks well into Level 3 or even Level 4 if they dealt with Punjabi and other regional languages, although there was much repetition of radio, TV and newspapers in their answers. Candidates should be aware that references to Urdu were irrelevant to this question and gained no credit. Marking Scheme : Explains promotion of at least two languages including Punjabi. Also produces a judgement or evaluation. Punjabi is the local language of the Punjab. It was a popular language amongst the Sufi poets who used it for their romantic folk poetry. These poems contributed greatly to the popularity of Punjabi. After Independence, steps were taken for the promotion and development of the language in other parts of the province. The Government has ensured its development by giving support to those institutions who are using it. Sindhi was written in ‘Marwari’ and ‘Arz Nagari’ was of writing which was subsequently changed into Arabic. After Independence, steps were taken to promote the language e.g. the Sindhi Literary Board was set up in 1948 which has printed many books and magazines in the language. Pushto literature was boosted TOPICAL QUESTION BANK 33
GCE ‘O’ LEVEL - THE HISTORY AND CULTURE OF PAKISTAN 2059/1 after Independence since the poets had contributed a great deal to the freedom struggle. The Baluchi language has also been promoted by its broadcasting on the radio. The establishment of the Quetta Television Station has also helped to promote it. Q Explain the choice of Urdu in 1947 as the national language of Pakistan. [7] (N2011/P1/1b) Examiner Comments : Part (b) caused few problems and was well answered. The question focused on the reasons why Urdu was chosen as the national language of Pakistan. Most candidates were able to explain a number of reasons with the result that many scored a Level 3 mark, often reaching the maximum allowable. Marking Scheme : Explains reasons. It carries immense importance for all Pakistanis since it has been considered to be the lan- guage of all Muslims for 300 years. It was the language associated with the Pakistani Move- ment throughout its struggle with the British and the Hindus. After Independence, it was felt that the language was the uniting force behind the nation and the government is committed to using it at all levels in society. TOPICAL QUESTION BANK 34
Section 2 The emergence of Pakistan 1906-1947 . . Pakistan Movement during the early 20th century Q Explain the reasons for the establishment of the Muslim League in 1906. [7] (N2001/P1/3b)

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