Prefrontal cortex a Reduced activation in prefrontal cortex b Damage can create

Prefrontal cortex a reduced activation in prefrontal

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10. Prefrontal cortexa.Reduced activation in prefrontal cortexb.Damage can create a long-term susceptibility to relapse c.Executive functioning, decision making and impulse control d.Dopamine is also involved in modulating executive functioning Week 7 2/25/201.Emotional behavioral disorders (children/adolescents)a.Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)b.Oppositional defiant disorder c.Conduct disorder 2.Clinical diagnostic considerations a.Children do not internalize problems until adolescence b.Children generally have restricted verbal and cognitive capacities that limit expressive abilities and treatment options c.Most children do not voluntarily seek help 3.Attention deficits/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) a.A persistent pattern of inattention and or hyperactivity/impulsivity that is maladaptive and inconsistent with child’s developmental stage
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b.ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder that interferes with social and academic/occupational functioning or development 4.Emotional behaviors disorders (ADHD) a.Symptoms must be present before the age of 12 and have lasted for at least 6 months b.Average age of adhd is 7 yrs 5.ADHD systems affected and secondary problems a.Decreased cognitive processing ability related to decreased attention span and impulsivity b.Emotional problems that can include anger, aggression, frustration, reduced empathy, emotional dysregulation 6.Treatment interventions a.Medications- typically used for as the first line intervention for severe cases i.Drawbacks- proportion of patients show partial or no responses. Can haveadverse effects on sleep, appetite and growth b.Behavioral interventions- formal training for parents of children. Classroom management techniques involve point systems, time outs and reward programs 7.RT interventions and approaches a.Set them up for success b.Have clear expectations i.Enforce rules (for their own good) c.Provide structure and consistency d.Enforce limits and rules e.Select appropriate programs and services f.Build self esteem g.Create a positive environment h.Increase motivation to participate 8.Oppositional defiant disorder a.Outward pattern of disobedient, hostile and defiant behavior toward authority figure which goes beyond the bounds of normal childhood behavior b.ODD typically begins by age 8 with higher rates in late childhood and early teen years 9.Conduct disorder a.A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of other or major age appropriate social norms or rules are broken b.Conduct disorders typically begin around age 12 peak around 17 and drop in young adulthood 10. Conduct disorder criteria a.Limited prosocial behavior b.Limited display of prosocial emotions such as empathy and guilt c.Display limited concern for the feelings, wishes and well-being of others 11. Treatment for ODD and CD a.Behavioral parent teaching (incredible years parent training)
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i.training and intervention program that uses a group-based format. The program has been shown to decrease problem behavior in children,
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