Mau mau uprising 1952 56 di felt that the peaceful

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Mau Mau Uprising 1952-56 d.i. Felt that the peaceful protests were not getting anywhere d.ii. Victims included African chiefs and chirsitins that had “benefited just as much from colonialism” d.iii. Loyalist deaths 2000: not many Euros d.iii.1. Africans were serving the colonial state d.iii.1.a. Seen as jobs d.iv. British had the monopoly in explaining the Mau Mau movement the concept is different depending on who discusses the event d.v. Defeated 20,000 africans died d.vi. convinced the British that they could not stay in Kenya without facing serious opposition d.vii. Kenyatta thought to be a leader of the movement d.vii.1. His imprisonment symbol for both sides d.vii.2. Represented the victory of the Kenyans d.vii.2.a. Transcended the beliefs of all divides Jomo Kenyatta a. Educated in London helped organize the Pan-African Congress with Krumah b. Kenya uprisings (Mau Mau) imprisonment: debated whether he played a part in organization c. Kikuyu land d.viii. Mau-Mau: fought for their land against the colonial powers d.viii.1. Land and freedom army d.viii.2. fought from 1953 for their land d.viii.3. forest fighters that lost land to the euro settlers d.viii.4. @ Nairobi d.viii.4.a. October 1956 the rebel commander captured and hanged d.viii.5. Mau mau vital: they felt that the rebellion empowered the civilians d. Kenyatta released and became the leader of the country of Kenya 1964 Kwame Nkrumah Imprisonment made him impartial leader. Symbolic figure Post wwII Africa Opportunity to study abroad in U.S. UPENN July 1938: scholarship by the missions from Washington Learned tactics of labor organization through work at ship yards Contacts with other leaders and thinkers Stopped in England and met Kenyatta and in the Carib Served as secretary of united gold coast convention Organization of Africans from the professional classes: doctors, lawyers, business men Had been working to reform the colonial system Felt that they had been moving too slowly Formed his own group: the conventions people party: good political organizer First mass based poli party in W Africa Represents new era: organizer of modern politics in West Africa
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Allowed Africans to organize poli parties and organize elections of the gold coast strikes of cocoa farmers euro and middle east men running too much built upon the contempt: Stirred people’s passions followers were the workers and the “street” kids Even the British felt that this was a militant and populous move Arrested for agitating and organizing a boycott in 1949 Held elections for local parliament Became prime minister The governor of the gold coast had to work with him GHANA Empowered the women: Very active in independence movements Rarely assumed important public positions Advance of Pan-Africanism: articulated the idea- a shame that it was not put in full practice Common entity of Africa “United States of Africa”
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  • Fall '12
  • LeeCassanelli

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