Outcome 2:Strengthened management and threat reduction in target proposed PAs, smallholder zonesand corridors.This component will safeguard PAs on the ground, by increasing site management capacityand by reducing threats to biodiversity, HCV forests and marine ecosystems in the surrounding target landand seascapes. For the newly established PAs, the project will support establishment of new managementstructures on the ground, and the development and implementation of park management and businessplans. The capacity of communities within the KBAs, buffer zones and corridors will be developed toimprove natural resource management and incentivize sustainable livelihoods, with specific attentiontowards promoting gender equality, and climate resilience through adaptive planning approaches. Thekey deliverables under Outcome 2 are: a set of PA management and business plans covering at least500,000 ha, developed with the active participation of key stakeholders and being implemented using arange of governance mechanisms, including co-management and other community-based systems(Output 2.1); and a set of 5-year Sustainable Development Plans for clusters of up to about 20 villages(Output 2.3). These two initiatives will run in parallel, with participatory processes for stakeholdersestablished for both: Stakeholder Working Groups (SWGs) will be established for each proposed PA,eventually to become institutionalized as Forums within the governance system of the respective PAs; andSustainable Development Committees set up for each Village Cluster (VCSDCs).26See additional information in Annexes 11 and 14-1727Note: This Theory of Change is retrofitted, because the rationale and structure of the project intervention was established at PIF stage(i.e. approved by GEF), thus allowing no option for changing the project objective, main outcomes or scope, and limited flexibility in termsof the intervention pathways and incremental reasoning.16 | P a g e
Outcome 3:Prototype National Biodiversity Survey framework and geospatial platform operationalwithin Tanintharyi Regional Government.The third component focuses on developing institutionalcapacity for the generation and application of biodiversity knowledge at national and subnational levels.The NBS framework will be established as the umbrella for the biodiversity information managementsystem. In building national and local capacity, a wide range of programmes and tools developed by theSmithsonian Institution will be utilised, and a range of training programs established and provided, guidedby a capacity building strategy which will be institutionalized within government. Biodiversity informationand data will be consolidated through establishment of the NBS framework, focusing initially on theTanintharyi Range Corridor, coastal wetlands (mangrove and mudflats) and Myeik Archipelago. Workingfrom detailed capacity needs assessments, the capacity of national and local government agencies,
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- Spring '19