Tenant farming a step up from sharecropping

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Tenant farming- a step up from sharecropping established black schools (freedmens Bureau) persistent black poverty Reunited families Race Question /Booker T. Washington Some blacks succeeded in elevating to a distinct middle class. Aquired property, established businesses, entered professions Believed education was vital to their future- expanded
the network of black colleges that had started during reconstruction. Booker T. Washington- founder and president of Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. Born into slavery, he worked his way out of poverty and aquired and education. o Primary message was SELF-IMPROVEMENT- blacks should forgo agitation for political rights and concentrate on self-improvement and preparation for equality. o Also intended to assure whites that blacks would not challenge the emerging system of segragation. Black Codes - part of the Radical reconstuction which authorized officials to a Apprehend unemployed blacks, fine them for vagrancy, and hire Them out to private employers to satisfy the fine. Some forbade Blacks to own or lease farms or to take any jobs other than as Plantation workers of domestic servants. (like slavery) Jim Crow Laws - Established and elaborate system of segregation. Stripped blacks of the modest social, economic and Political gains they had made. > Plessy v. Ferguson- separate accomidations did not deny blacks equal rights if the accommodations were equal. Cumming v. County Board of Education- communities Could establish schools for whites only, even If there were no comparable schools for blacks. Black Disenfranchisement- Small white farmers objected to the black vote Being used against them by Bourbons. Poll tax or some sort of property qualification- few blacks Were prosperous enough to meet the requirement. Literacy test- required voters to demonstrate the ability to
Read and interpret the constitution. Affected black and white vote. New South-  Industrial expansion in the South. Textile industry expanded due to cotton industry Tobacco processing industry grew Railroad development New labor markets for both blacks and whites Lost Cause- After the Civil war, when reconstruction proceeded and ended, white southerners came back to power Called “redeemers” and “bourbons” o Jim Crow Laws/ Black Codes o There were pockets of coopperation The Lost cause began by remembering Confederate soldiers- o Decoration Day, established monuments, veterans group meetings, literature, and confederate reenactments. o Symbols: the Flag o What makes the South: Pride Chivalry-> patriarchy, respect for elders Loyalty History Pace Self Sufficient Religion Dialect- speech Southern Belles/Gentlemen Foods The Death Penalty-Gun Control Music Landscape Architecture More Conservative Southern Hospitality SLAVERY- drove economy o The Lost Cause-excluded the blacks- had nothing to do with Southern History The presence of blacks and whites together makes the south the SOUTH!

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