A synoptic means seen together v griesbach theory a

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a.Synoptic means seen together v.Griesbach Theory- A minority proposal that offers one solution to the Synoptic Puzzle: Matthew was written first, Luke used Matthew, and Mark used both Matthew and Luke. Griesbach is the modern scholar who proposed this solution; "two-Gospel" indicates that Mark had two Gospels (Matthew and Luke) as his sources. Not to be confused with two-source hypothesis.a.Holds the source behind the Gospels of Luke and Mark is Matthew vi.Four-Source Theory of Gospelsa.In the early twentieth century, B. H. Streeter proposed a variationon the Two-Source Hypothesis known as the Four-Source Hypothesis. According to this view, M and L were actual written documents that (like Q) had been lost. This part of the theory hasbeen rejected; almost all modern scholars recognize that the material in M and L may have derived from multiple sources, both oral and written. One potential point of confusion: modern scholars sometimes use “Four-Source Hypothesis” to refer to what is described above as the Two-Source Hypothesis.b.Mark was written first according to this theory, Matthew and Luke used the gospel of Mark and Q to write their gospels vii.Ancient Hellenistic Biography
a.Greek telling of someone’s life. The gospel is a Hellenistic biographyb.Focus on characterc.Selected vignettes revealed a person’s characterd.Character revealed in the adult lifee.How one died revealed one’s characterf.In the ancient world, the kidn of writing that portrayed the essential charcter of a person so that people would want to emulate them g.Similar to the gospels viii.Judas Maccabaeus- A Kohen and a son of the Jewish priest Mattathias. Led the Maccabean revolt against the Seleucid Empire.ix.Josephus- 37-100 CE, Changed sides after Rome started to win, Historian outside of the Bible who talks about Jesus, Jewish scholar and historian, wrote The Jewish Wars andAntiquities of the Jewsa.Changed sides after Rome started to win, historian outside the bible who talks about Jesus, jewish scholar and historian, wrote Jewish Wars and Antiquiites of the Jewsb.A 1stcentury CE Jewish historian who is our main source of knowledge about the Jewish wars and the fall of Masadax.Essenes- Ascetic separatists who lived in private communities, Flee city for desert they are probably to be identified with the group that lived at Qumran and preserved a library of manuscripts now known as the Dead Sea Scrolls. The Essenes practiced ritual baths and sacred meals; they also espoused messianic beliefs and embraced apocalyptic ideas about imminent judgment and divine deliverance. a.Dead sea scrolls found at Gumran were produced by the Essenesxi.Dead Sea Scrolls - found near the Dead Sea, these scrolls contain one of the oldest written examples of the Hebrew Bible Canon.

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