behaviors such as conformity and empathy that promote pleasant social relationships. Kathryn Putney Chapter 9 Summary Most classrooms contain some students with identified exceptionalities as well as others who are experiencing problems that might not have been identified. The teacher must play an active role in the 5 stages of decision making: prereferral, referral, evaluation, individualized education plans (IEP), development, and placement. In addition to these roles, secondary teachers play a crucial role in preparing their student for transformation into adult life. As members of the transition, teachers are involved in the creation of the student’s IEPs that satisfy the curricular components and modifications necessary for a successful attainment of post- secondary goals. They also share the responsibility for teaching the prerequisite academic and adaptive skills. Learning centers provide a way to individualize instruction for all children. Traditional learning centers are made up of multi level materials and activities that cover a range of objectives, skills and interests. The primary purpose is to teach acquisition. Computer based instruction has been available for several years and it can be used to support the learning of children with exceptional needs in many ways: tutorials, enrichment activities, recording of student progress, enhancement of memorization, and support of written expression. For students with auditory, visual or communication impairments, technology is opening new avenues for learning. The specialized technology of augmentative or alternative communication devices
make it possible for students with no speech or with poor speech to communicate with others. Video captioning and captioned education programs are helping students with learning disabilities to read. Optical character recognition technology can scan and read text out loud. This allows students with visual impairments greater access to various learning material anf to read them independently. Classroom accommodations are minor modifications that can be easily implemented in the general classroom to target students specific needs. Accommodations may target problems in learning such as test taking, auditory per ceptions, visual perceptions, and fine motor skills. Or
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 5 pages?