During Elizabeths reign there were several attempts to establish colonies in

During elizabeths reign there were several attempts

This preview shows page 125 - 127 out of 222 pages.

investors the incentive to raise capital and recruit potential colonists. During Elizabeth's reign there were several attempts to establish colonies in the New World, all unsuccessful. She did far better in her endorsement of men such as John Hawkins and Francis Drake who preferred raiding Spanish settlements to starting colonies. Drake’s voyage of 1577-1580 proved one of the most important of the 16th century, possibly even rivaling the voyage of Columbus that had opened the Americas to Europe in the first place. He sailed across the Atlantic, made the difficult passage through the Strait of Magellan in the belief that South America might be connected to Antarctica, a view finally made obsolete early in the 17th century when Dutch seamen rounded Cape 125
Image of page 125
Horn. He then went up the Pacific coast of South and North America, looting Spanish settlements along the way. In June 1579 Drake spent three weeks at an undetermined location on the Pacific coast that may have been just north of San Francisco Bay. Scholars argue to this day as to his exact location. We do know from his log that he repaired his ships, claimed the area for England as Nova Albion (“New England” in Latin), and, before he left, set up a “plate of brasse” affirming his claim. Rather than return the way he had come-sensing the Spaniards would be waiting for him at the Strait of Magellan-he sailed west, stopping at the Philippines for water and taking on a load of spices at the Moluccas Islands. Then he continued west across the Indian Ocean, rounded the Cape of Good Hope, and was back in England by September 1580. Drake’s voyage had many consequences for England and the other nations interested in the Western Hemisphere, not to mention the Americas as well. Spaniards were baffled by his voyage since he had slipped unnoticed through the Strait of Magellan. So he must have come through the Northwest Passage, or found the Strait of Anian, or someplace like that, and Spain wanted to know how he had done it. Because of Drake’s voyage, England learned more about the world and increased its interest in Far East trade. Philip II was understandably unhappy about Drake’s actions, considering him nothing more than a pirate, and demanded he be punished. Queen Elizabeth knighted him instead. In the 1580s tensions grew between England and Spain. An earlier generation of historians called Drake, Hawkins, and their ilk “Elizabethan sea dogs.” This nickname carries a sense of romance and adventure, an image conveyed through old Errol Flynn films such as The Sea Hawk and Captain Blood . Modern historians know better. England was pushing Spain to the edge of confrontation with its aggressive actions. Before the confrontation erupted into warfare, however, England did make some attempt to set up colonies along the Atlantic seacoast of North America.
Image of page 126
Image of page 127

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 222 pages?

  • Spring '16
  • Oldy
  • History, Native Americans in the United States, Age of Discovery, Atlantic Ocean, native peoples

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes