However they can agree that 40 of the actual profit

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However they can agree that 40% of the actual profit shall go to the Mudarib and 60% to the Rab -ul-Maal or vice versa. Q No. 21: What is Musharakah ? Answer: Musharakah means a relationship established under a contract by the mutual consent of the parties for sharing of profits and losses in the joint business. Under Islamic banking, it is an agreement under which the Islamic bank provides funds which are mixed with the funds of the business enterprise and others. All providers of capital are entitled to participate in management but not necessarily required to do so. The profit is distributed among the partners in pre agreed ratios, while the loss is borne by each partner strictly in proportion to respective capital contributions. The following are the rules with regard to profit and loss sharing in Musharakah: 1. The profit sharing ratio for each partner must be determined in proportion to the actual profit accrued to the business and not in proportion to the capital invested by him. For example, if it is agreed between them that 'A' will get 10% of his investment, the contract is not valid. 2. It is not allowed to fix a lump sum amount for anyone of the partners or any rate of profit tied up with his investment. Therefore if 'A' & 'B' enter into a partnership and it is agreed Frequently Asked Questions (Part IV)
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July-September 2009 11 between them that 'A' shall be given Rs.10,000/ - per month as his share in the profit and the rest will go to 'B', the partnership is invalid. 3. If both partners agree that each will get percentage of profit based on his capital percentage, whether both work or not, it is allowed. 4. It is also allowed that if an investor is working, his profit share could be higher than his capital contribution irrespective of whether the other partner is working or not. For instance, if 'A' & 'B' have invested Rs.1000/ - each in a business and it is agreed that only 'A' will work and will get two third of the profit while 'B' will get one third. Similarly if the condition of work is also imposed on 'B' in the agreement, then also the proportion of profit for 'A' can be more than his investment. 5. If a partner has put an express condition in the agreement that he will not work for the Musharakah and will remain a sleeping partner throughout the term of Musharakah, then his share of profit cannot be more than the ratio of his investment. 6. It is allowed that if a partner is not working, his share of profit can be established at a rate lower than his capital share. 7. If both are working partners, the share of profit can differ from the ratio of investment. For example, Mr. A and Mr. B both have invested Rs.1000/- each. However, Mr. A gets one third of the total profit and B will get two third, this is allowed. 8. If only a few partners are active and others are only sleeping partners, then the share in the profit of the active partner could be fixed at higher than his ratio of investment e.g. 'A' & 'B' put in Rs.100 each and it is agreed that only 'A' will work, then 'A' can take more than 50% of the profit as his share. The excess he receives over his investment will be compensation for
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