H gs have such diverse diet that they can almost

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H-Gs have such diverse diet that they can almost always find something to eat (3) Disease Poor nutrition promoted diseases among settled agriculturalists 2 other factors promoted disease Dense settlement : crowd diseases spread through dense settlement o Prob for settled agriculturalists, not H-Gs Origins of diseases : most deadly human diseases were contracted from domesticated animals o Cattle: measles, TB, smallpox o Pigs and ducks: flu o Rats: plague 3 main ways social relations affect health today o (1) Lifestyle H-Gs vs. SA example Affected diet, risk of famine, disease
Examples more relevant to Canada today: smoking, alcohol, exercise, sitting, etc.
HIV/AIDS in Botswana : lifestyle influenced Efforts to fight disease have included efforts to change lifestyle Mines : men live away from families, promotes prostitution and affairs Breast feeding : can pass virus to infant Condoms : preference not to practice safe sex Preferences : some medical anthropologists note a male preference to dry vaginas among some Batswana Another element of lifestyle is your network relations (social capital) How many people you interact with on regular basis Some people have many, some few Common finding that those individuals with more network connections have better health Why do sociable people have better help? Information : where to go to get treatment, who the best doctor is, valuable services that are available Support : when ill, very helpful to have someone offer you support—bring to doctor, cook for you, check on you Lifestyle : relations pressure you not to partake in risky behavior o (2) Public services/policies Over past decade, life expectancy in Botswana has skyrocketed because of public policy giving free antiretroviral drugs to the population Also programs encouraging use of condoms, discouraging breast feeding by infected mothers, etc. Shows how public policy can shape health Examples: public health care, sewage and clean water, education (esp. female) o (3) Environmental factors Human transformations of environment shape human health in at least 2 ways (1) Diseases : transforming environment can affect diseases  Malaria: human settlements create stagnant water, which increases risk of malaria o Alternatively, many places have removed swampland to limit malaria (2) Pollution : hazardous waste can pose severe health risks to populations Contaminated food and water affects human health An almost universal finding of medical sociologists is that health is strongly related to class 3 factors explain this finding o (1) Environment : poor experience greater pollution Oil refineries: rich better able to keep them out of their neighborhoods, poor more likely to live near them because land/rent is cheap Poor governments more willing to allow pollution o (2) Lifestyle : poor at greater risk of risky lifestyle Nutrition, addiction, gangs, etc.

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