5 the most important factors influencing facility

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5) The most important factors influencing facility layout are factory building, lighting, climatic conditions, ventilation and work-related welfare facilities. 6) The three broad categories of the scope of facility layout are scope related to material, scope related to work place, and performance related objectives. 7) Layout services are broadly classified into process layout, product layout, combination layout, fixed position layout and group layout. 8.5 INTEXT QUESTIONS 1) Define facility layout 2) What are the basic principles of facility layout? 3) Discuss the factors influencing facility layout 4) Bring out the scope of facility layout 5) Elaborate on the different types of facility layout 6) Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of different types of facility layout 8.6 SUMMARY This lesson explained you the important aspects in facility layout. Facility/Plant layout refers to the physical arrangement of production facilities. The basic objective of layout is to develop a production system that meets requirements of capacity and quality in the most economical way. Facility layout is a plan of an optimum arrangement of facilities including personnel, operating equipment, storage space, material handling equipment and all other supporting services along with the design of best structure to contain all these facilities. The major principles of a good layout are provide over all simplifications, minimize cost of materials handling, provide high work-in-process turnover, provide effective space utilization, provide for worker convenience and promote job satisfaction and safety, avoid unnecessary capital investment, and stimulate effective labour utilization. The most important factors influencing facility layout are factory building, lighting, climatic conditions, ventilation and work-related welfare facilities. The three broad categories of the scope of facility layout are scope related to material, scope related to work place, and performance related objectives. Finally, you are exposed to different types of layout services namely process layout, product layout, combination layout, fixed position layout and group layout. 8.7 TERMINAL EXERCISES 1) Define facility layout. 2) List out the most important factors influencing facility layout. 3) Industrial buildings are grouped into ______________ and ____________. 4) Name the three broad categories of scope of facility layout. 5) The main advantage of process layout is __________________. 6) Short processing time is the main advantage of _______________ layout.
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113 8.8 SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIALS 1) Hu, S. J. and Koren Y. System Configuration Reconsider Machine Layout to Optimize Production. Manufacturing Engineering. Vol. 134, No. 2, pp. 81-90. February 2005. 2) Head, Keith, John Ries, and Deborah Swenson. 1995. "Agglomeration Benefits and Location Choice: Evidence from Japanese Manufacturing Investments in the United States." Journal of International Economics 38(3-4): 223-47.
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