Buddhist theories of the causes of conflict The transformative values of the

Buddhist theories of the causes of conflict the

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The writer highlighted the different approaches of the western vs. Buddhist theories of the causes of conflict. The transformative values of the western theories aim to change relationship between disputants according to observable behavior but the Buddhist theories aim to change the” self” according to internal states or “moral ethics”. The theories of the 12 links and the five aggregates were useful to her as a new perspective in understanding the dynamics of conflicts arising inside the mind of conflicting parties”, which was complementary to her learning as a mediator who was trained to look at interactive patterns and dynamics. The writer compared the process of mediation with the process of conflict resolution under the BM Model. The transformative values of the two processes are complementary to each other. The former is dealing with the process of change in an observable behavioral perspective and the latter is dealing with the process of change from the internal states of consciousness of the disputants. The writer was impressed that” mindfulness” was a pre-requisite in practicing BM model (McConnell, 195) and would like to continue to practice mindfulness training and meditation. The writer appreciated that “mindfulness” as the most important quality of a Buddhist Mediator. “Mindfulness” is a quality that can be acquired by training of meditation. Therefore, the practice of BM is comparable to the practice of other transformative practices that were ego-transcending (Murphy, 1992). The writer has experienced in her practice as a family mediator the therapeutic process of change from the perspective of the externally observable reality. This area of focus is on the observable behavioral pattern of the individual or inter-relationships of the family or disputants. By reframing their issues from selfish demand on each other to the needs of the child, the mediator helps the couple to become better parents. The writer therefore validated the transformative and complementary value of both the BM Model and the therapeutic model of mediation in explaining reality from both the interior or exterior perspectives of the disputants and mediator. 4.3 The contribution to the theory of the BM Model
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14 The focus of BM Model is on the internal states of consciousness of the mediator and the disputants. The BM Model is therefore capable of transforming the ‘self’ of the disputants by changing their unwholesome roots of action and becoming less ignorant of their five aggregates. The Five ARM is useful for the Buddhist mediator in respect of the practice of right mindfulness which aims to observe internally what ones five aggregates are moment to moment. 5. Results : The BM Model and the Five ARM From the data analysis, the BM Model and the Five ARM can be described as follows: a. At the end of Stage 1, by uncovering the 2 nd link ( sankhara ), the past conflict is explored for the purpose of identifying how the parties created their realities and what outcomes they are obsessed with. The objectives of the reframe of the 3 rd Aggregate i.e. parties’ perceptions and the 4 th Aggregate i.e. their obsessions or positions are to
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