2283 billion rus rubles 3805 billion usd regardless

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228,3 billion RUS Rubles (3,805 billion USD). Regardless to the fact that it was delivered on time, it exceeded the budget by 5 times. Therefore, many factors should be taken in consideration. Although for bridges and airplanes, engineers often use previous data to estimate the time and budget. There are also severe policies and regulations for the terms of construction and the design safety as it has to meet certain safety requirements. If they fail, there would be severe consequences that may cause high penalties and even jail for the contractor’s mistake.
It’s always uneasy and quite time consuming to develop something new. While there were many prototypes of planes and bridges of various types available as examples, Word for Windows was a completely new product. It is hard to assess a precise budget and set terms when there is no previous data of similar product. If the product is just a modification or an upgrade of its previous versions, whether it’s an airplane, a bridge or a software, it is much more easier for an engineer to determine the budget and right terms for its development. When we are talking about a new product, with no analog it is harder to set correct terms and conditions. References: Marsic, I (2012) Software Engineering. Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey History of Bridges (2019) History of Wooden Bridges . Retrieved from:

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