Nazis begin to experiment with racial policy in

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Nazis begin to experiment with racial policy in central Poland·Within first week of war, nazi war machine is destroying the leadership class in Poland·Not only interested in Jews, but want to get rid of leaders, intellectuals, politicians, priests and anyone who canhelp Poland fight for its independence·Beginning war against polish elite and then jews·Hitler and Himler (head of SS) wanted to turn Poles into people of slaves·Wanted to destroy their sense of tradition and make sure they had no means to organize against Germany·Wage a campaign of terror against Poland and 10,000 priests were killed, teachers, and political leaders·If the Poles had good racial characteristics, they could register as Germans·There were 3.3 mil Jews in Poland (10% of the nation’s population)·Beginning in 1939 are competing initiatives·Heidrich above Eichmann and is one of the key figures in solving Jewish question (Documents on theHolocaust)·First ghettos are eastablished in central Poland and in Soviet Union after Germans take over it·Stages leading up to final aim is ghettos and 2 options for final aim is:1.Madagascar PlanIn Spring 1940, Himmler proposed to Hitler that the Jews be banished to an African colony“I hope to completely erase the concept of Jews through the possibility of a great emigration of allJews to a colony in Africa or elsewhere”—Heinrich Himmler, head of the SS (Schutzstaffel), May1940
did not work out well – not logistically possibleNazis did not have full control of the seas2.Nisko PlanEichmann was instrumental in organizing thisTake Jews from Germany and Poland and dump them in central Poland (Nisko) and get them out ofcirculationget them out of the bloodstream of the nation so they cannot racial mix, be businessmen,etc.Deported close to 100,000 Jews in this area and when Jews arrived, the governor of the area said stopsending them and that they had no infrastructure3. Push Jewish into Soviet union·Both of these were attempts to solve Jewish problem (territorial solutions)·The fact that Jews are being sent there shows us how uncertain the Nazi’s vision was at this pointFebruary 20, 2014Lecture·Other possibilities Nazis were considering: Madagascar and Nisko·Process of trial and error to find a variety of solutions that fit their ideology·Wanted Jews out of the body of German nation·There were many possible solutions to that·Focus of today: life and death in the ghettos·Most Jews spent most of their times in ghettos not camps·Ghettos are last moment when Jews are still living amongst themselves. There is something that resemblesJewish collectivitythey have self government·But in camps there was absolutely no freedom·Ghettos began to be established in late 1939 and early 1940 in Poland·Some ghettos were fenced in immediately and freedom of movement was very limitedbut this was notthe case in all ghettos originally·

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Term
Spring
Professor
Gillerman

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