the fact that Germany attacked Belgium unprovoked It was believed that the war

The fact that germany attacked belgium unprovoked it

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the fact that Germany attacked Belgium unprovoked - It was believed that the war would be short- only a few foresaw the trouble that lay ahead II. A Bloody Stalemate Along the Western Front A. The Conflict Grinds to a Halt - The Germans’ Schlieffen Plan worked well at first and they were soon at the edge of Paris - The French however gained _____________________________________ - The Allies were able to meet and attack the Germans in the valley of the Marne River - Allied reinforcements were driven in by taxicabs from Paris and after four days of fighting the __________________________________________ - The first Battle of the Marne turned out to be ______________________ ___________________________________________________________ _ - With the Schlieffen Plan in ruins- Germany was left in a stalemate on its Western Front (battle line b/w _________________________________) - Germany then realized that they were going to have to fight a long war on both fronts- they then sent troops to the east to face the Russians B. A New Kind of War- Trenches and Mechanized Warfare - By early 1915 opposing armies on the Western Front had dug miles of parallel trenches to protect themselves from enemy fire - This became known as Trench Warfare - __________________________ in which armies traded huge losses of life to gain pitifully small amounts of land - The area b/w opposing trenches was known as “____________________” - When an attack was ordered armies streamed over the top of their trenches into no man’s land where they met murderous rounds of machine gun fire and artillery shells - Life in the trenches was equally horrific- constant ___________________ and damp conditions caused huge loss of life - New tools of war such as ___________________, __________________, and _____________ introduced - This mechanized warfare resulted in the death of huge numbers of soldiers III. The Battle on the Eastern Front A. Central Powers Gain the Advantage
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- Even as the war on the Western Front claimed thousands of lives, both sides were sending millions more soldiers to fight on the Eastern Front - a stretch of battlefield along the ___________________________________ - Germany counterattacked Russia’s invasion of Austria and Germany - Germany was able to force the Russian’s back and regained control of East Prussia - ___________________________________________________________ _ B. Russia’s War Effort Weakens - By 1916- Russia’s war effort was near collapsing because they were not yet industrialized enough to handle this modern form of war - Russian armies were constantly short of ___________, ___________, ___________________, and _____________________ - The Allies were unable to send supplies to the Russians because Germany had cut off the Baltic Sea and the Ottomans controlled the straits of the Mediterranean - _________________________________________________- but those were dwindling as well; Russia lost nearly 2 million troops in 1915 alone Map Activity: Using your notes and Chapter 29 in your book, complete the following on the map. 1. Label the following countries: - Great Britain - France - Italy - Austria-Hungary - Germany - Serbia - Russia
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