Figure 38 Reasons given by surveyed respondents to start their own business A

Figure 38 reasons given by surveyed respondents to

This preview shows page 67 - 70 out of 82 pages.

Figure 38 – Reasons given by surveyed respondents to start their own business A majority of employers had never lived abroad, though more than a quarter of employers in Puntland cited having lived abroad due to the conflict (23% of employers interviewed in Bossasso and 33% of employers interviewed in Garowe), compared to zero in the other two cities. Figure 39 – Proportion of surveyed employers that have lived abroad “I think that it is extremely difficult to get a job here (in Puntland) when you don’t have good connections. Even if you manage to get a job, it will only keep you busy but will not allow you to make a living. So, I decided to create my own company with my uncle. We have twelve employees this month. It is sometimes difficult, but the economic situation is better and I hope to become rich and develop my activity in the future” (Co-Director, agribusiness company, Garowe).
Image of page 67
68 IOM Somalia - Research on Youth, Employment and Migration When asked if they had moved within Somalia, a significant percentage (15%) of Puntlanders reported being internally displaced due to the conflict – while this was not mentioned in Somaliland. By contrast, natural disaster was often mentioned in Somaliland among the causes leading to internal displacement. Economic, familial, and educational motives are also strong drivers and were frequently mentioned in the focus group discussions conducted in both zones. “As a businessman, I need stability and Somaliland is relatively more peaceful these days. There are fewer risks of criminality in Hargeysa than in most other cities. Also, people understand the importance of education and development here.” (Owner and Director, IT Company, Hargeysa). Figure 40 – Proportion of surveyed employers that have moved within Somalia
Image of page 68
69 IOM Somalia - Research on Youth, Employment and Migration Company size: In terms of size 42 , surveyed businesses in Somaliland tend to be larger, with a median of 20 employees to Puntland’s 15, and Somaliland hosts more than a quarter of businesses with more than 50 employees, to less than a sixth of such businesses in Puntland. In particular, Hargeysa stands out for its 40% of businesses with more than 50 employees. Figure 41 – Number of employees of the surveyed companies (by city) Business structure: The proportion of employees related to the employer is considerably higher in Somaliland than in Puntland, with 11% vs. 3%. This is mostly due to a much larger share of them in Hargeysa. 1) private businesses have more related employees than public sector structures with 11% vs. 4%; and 2) smaller businesses tend to be family affairs more often than larger structures, though the trend reverses inexplicably for very large structures. In Hargeysa, close to half of the employees of very small companies of less than 6 employees are relatives of the respondent.
Image of page 69
Image of page 70

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 82 pages?

  • Fall '17
  • IOM, Human migration, Somaliland

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors