Some implications for instruction what are the basic

Info icon This preview shows pages 4–6. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Some Implications for Instruction : What are the basic features of thinking that students must  command to effectively become practicing thinkers? What do they need to do to take charge of their  thinking intellectually, with respect to any content? We must teach in such a way that students come  to understand the power in knowing that whenever humans reason, they have no choice but to use  certain predictable structures of thought: that thinking is inevitably driven by the questions, that we  seek answers to questions for some purpose, that to answer questions, we need information, that to  use information we must interpret it (i.e., by making inferences), and that our inferences, in turn, are  based on assumptions, and have implications, all of which involves ideas or concepts within some  point of view. We must teach in such a way as to require students to regularly deal explicitly with  these structures (more on these structure presently). Students should now be developing the habit - whenever they are trying to figure something out -of  focusing on: purpose, question, information, inferences, assumptions, concepts, point of view, and  implications. The result of this emphasis in instruction is that students begin to see connections  between all the subject matter they are learning. In studying history, they learn to focus on historical  purposes and questions. When studying math, they clarify and analyze mathematical goals and problems. When studying  literature, they reflect upon literary purposes and questions. They notice themselves making  historical, mathematical, and literary assumptions. They notice themselves tracing historical, 
Image of page 4

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
mathematical, and literary implications. Recognizing the "moves" one makes in thinking well is an  essential part of becoming a practicing thinker. Students should be encouraged to routinely catch themselves thinking both egocentrically and  sociocentrically. They should understand, for example, that most of the problems they experience in  learning result from a natural desire to avoid confusion and frustration, and that their inability to  understand another person’s point of view is often caused by their tendency to see the world  exclusively within their own egocentric point of view. Stage Five: The Advanced Thinker Defining Feature : Thinkers at this stage have now established good habits of thought which are  “paying off.” Based on these habits, advanced thinkers not only actively analyze their thinking in all  the significant domains of their lives, but also have significant insight into problems at deeper levels  of thought. While advanced thinkers are able to think well across the important dimensions of their 
Image of page 5
Image of page 6
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern