Scarier for child crying not sure if he can control the situation

Scarier for child crying not sure if he can control

This preview shows page 9 - 12 out of 28 pages.

Scarier for child, crying, not sure if he can control the situation Mother=inconsistent, sometimes sensitive, sometimes neglectful Crying, sometimes mother feeds, sometimes picks up, not always Disorganized attachment Child= depressed, angry, completely passive, nonresponsive, confused with no strategy to have needs met
Image of page 9
Mother= extreme, erratic, frightened/frightening, passive or intrusive Sometimes cry when mother leaves o Provision of a secure home base Parent addresses needs of child, but not overprotective Too much or too little can lead to anxiety disorder Testing for anxiety disorders Clinical interview o Understand behaviors, mood and affect, history, thought processes/cognitions, appearance/behavior Observation Psychological tests o Projectives Personality test where patient responds to ambiguous stimuli to reveal hidden emotions and internal conflicts o Normed tests (must be reliable, valid, normed) Given to 1,000s people across country, noted patterns of response of people who have anxiety disorders and those who don’t Comorbidity Common across all anxiety disorders Major depression is most common 2 nd diagnosis o Cannot keep relationship/job because of disorder, depressed over diagnosis, etc. ½ patients have 2 or more secondary diagnoses Comorbidity= common factors and a relation between anxiety and depression Types of anxiety disorders Generalized anxiety disorder GAD Defining features o Excessive uncontrollable anxious apprehension and worry about many areas of life (work, health, relationships) for 6 months or more o Individuals with GAD called “autonomic restrictors” Lower blood pressure and more autonomic restriction than those without anxiety o Less physiological response to stress than people with other anxiety disorders (but, muscles usually tight) o Sensitive to threat (see something as anxiety-provoking) o Fail to process emotional component of thoughts and images Constantly worried about what will happen later, less likely to imagine imagery of what it will be like and to emotionally process event o Less likely to do risky situations and drugs Symptoms o Muscle tension, fatigue, restlessness, irritability, concentration difficulties, sleep disturbance
Image of page 10
Statistics o 3.1% population o Females outnumber males 3:1 o Onset insidious (doesn’t happen right away) in early adulthood o Prevalent among elderly o Runs in families Treatment is weak o Psychological interventions CBT most likely to work o Pharmacotherapy (not a long term solution) Benzodiazepines (often prescribed, addictive, take during emergencies not constantly) Antidepressants o Meditation therapy o Combined treatments Integrative model o Generalized psychological vulnerability and biological vulnerability o Stress due to life events o Anxious apprehension (increased muscle tension, etc.) o Worry process (failed attempt to cope and problem solve) o Increased cognitive processing, inadequate problem-solving skills, and
Image of page 11
Image of page 12

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 28 pages?

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes