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PICOT As nurses, it is our duty to provide care to patients who come from numerous educational, cultural, economic and financial backgrounds. While it is our role to provide patients with the professional care they deserve, advocating, as well as, educating the patient regarding their illness is just as important. Research reveals missed care opportunities, such as educating patients about their specific illness, leads to higher heart failure readmissions (Carthon,Lasater, Slaone & Kutney-Lee, 2015.) For nurses to effectively educate their patients on self-specific illnesses, the nurse must be aware of their ability to comprehend treatment plans and literacy over their illness. A patient’s understanding of their health condition is critical to a successful transition back home and the prevention of readmission (Stewart, 2017.)
COGNITIVE HEART FAILURE 3With that, the level of competence a patient has toward their health literacy has direct effect on the patients’ overall outcome and readmission probability. Statistically, low health literacy during discharge can cause issues with self-care management and can effect on average 39% of heart failure patients (Cajita & Han, 2016.) As a result, poor self-care management leads to a more frequent patient readmission rate and an elevated healthcare system cost. Implementinga literacy tool to help regulate a patients’ need for additional resources is fundamental in derailing the high readmission rates of patients once being discharged for congestive heart failure. Literature Search Strategy In a similar regard, Krumholz et al. (2013) and Anderson, Deepak, Amoateng-Adjepong and Zarich (2015) point out that the incorporation of disease management programs for patients suffering from Congestive Heart Failure significantly reduces the rate at which patients are readmitted with the same disease. In this particular study, the scholars contend that although CHF is known to have extremely high rates of readmission, a short period after the index hospitalization, it is crucial that nurses and healthcare providers provide supportive intervention in terms of education that is intended to increase compliance and also empower these patients to manage their disease.