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●The ILO adopts the Convention Concerning Indigenous and Tribal Populations. 1958 Convention Concerning Discrimination in Employment and Occupation (ILO) is adopted. 1960 ●The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights is established as an advisory body to the Organization of American States. ●The Convention Against Discrimination in Education is adopted by the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). ●Following an anti-apartheid protest challenging a law dictating where coloured people can go, at which 69 protesters are killed by police, the South African government bans the African National Congress (ANC) and other opposition groups. 1961 ●President John F. Kennedy appoints Eleanor Roosevelt to head the first Presidential Commission on the Status of Women. ●The European Social Charter defines economic and social rights for member states of the Council of Europe. ●Peter Benenson founds Amnesty International. 1962 ●The National Farm Workers (later known as the United Farm Workers of America) is organized by Cesar Chavez to protect migrant American farm workers, most of whom were Hispanic. ●Voting rights, though not compulsory, are extended to all Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders by the Australian Parliament. (In 1984 the electoral law is changed to remove any distinctions between indigenous peoples and other citizens.) 1963 The Organization of African Unity is established in Addis Ababa, on signature of the
2013 CISV Year of Human Rights Background Reading A Timeline of Human Rights 21 OAU Charter by representatives of 32 governments. Dedicated to African self-determination and the advancement of the African people. 1964 ●Martin Luther King, Jr. wins the Nobel Peace Prize. ●Nelson Mandela and seven other leaders of the African National Congress (ANC) are convicted of sabotage and sentenced to life in prison by the South African government for protesting the apartheid policies in South Africa. 1965 ●International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (UN) is adopted. ●The U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Immigration Act of 1965, eliminating the ethnic quotas established under the McCarran-Walter Act of 1952. ●The UN adopts the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. 1966 ●The UN adopts and opens for signature the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Together these documents further developed the rights outlined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. ●The UN sets up the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, allowing individuals to charge violations of human rights. 1966-1976 Mao Zedong begins a "purification" of leftist ideas known as the Cultural Revolution in China, resulting in a decade of internal unrest and violence as thousands of Chinese citizens are killed by their own government.