Leatherman 3 victim the perpetrator is now victimized

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Leatherman 3 “victim” the “perpetrator” is now victimized, and a cycle of hatred has been established (Sternberg 197). Definition of Kindness As with hatred, there is no one definition of kindness. During my research, I found multiple definitions that might serve the purpose of my paper, the following being the most relevant: “It is kind to be able to bear conflict, in oneself and others… It is kind to see individuals as they are, rather than how we might want them to be; it is kind to care for people just as we find them” (Phillips 93). The quote just given from On Kindness provides the foundation for my personal definition, which will be used in this paper: any positive emotion, especially being friendly and generous, expressed towards an individual or group of beings manifested in a variety of ways (including, but not limited to, emotional, financial, and physical support). Neurologically speaking, kindness is relatively simple. The “love hormone” oxytocin is released, a chemical commonly associated with mother-infant bonding, male-female bonding, touches and hugs. The release of oxytocin “[changes] the firing of the amygdala, the part of the brain that plays a primary role in the processing of important emotional stimuli” (Kain). The previously mentioned study by Wang et al. shows an increased activity in the frontal lobe of the brain, commonly known as the conscience for its role in decision making, when exposed to kind intentions. Psychologically, kindness is a bit trickier. We’ll be sticking to the basics for this paper, but even this, as a concept, can be difficult to understand. On Kindness by Phillips and Taylor is where I gained most of my research on kindness psychology from, so let’s dig in to what they
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Leatherman 4 said. Roman emperor-philosopher Marcus Aurelius once declared that kindness was mankind’s “greatest delight”, and this idea has persisted for centuries. However, our perceptions of others and ourselves have changed, thus changing our expectations of kindness. We’ve began to view others as “mad, bad, and dangerous to know… fundamentally antagonistic to each other” (4). This perception makes us as individuals feel extremely vulnerable, especially during acts of kindness where one must often open their heart and mind to those they are helping and expose their own weaknesses. This fear of being vulnerable drives us to focus on ourselves rather than others, thus hindering our desire to perform acts of kindness. It is only after we overcome this fear of being vulnerable that we commit an act of kindness, which gives us a moment or period of euphoria. If, in a later situation, we can recall this rewarding feeling, we will be more likely to commit further acts of kindness. In summary, psychologically, the primary reason that people are kind is because they get a pleasant emotional rush from it. There are, of course, several other factors such as religious belief, amount of leisure time, general personality, and more, but we will focus on this predominate reason present by Phillips and Taylor.
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