State the extend and the limits of the original Bill of RightsThe original bill of rights limited only the activities of the national government, not the state government. By the end of the 19thcentury the Supreme Court slowly begin to apply or incorporate the provisions of the bill of rights to the states. The Supreme Court never agreed with the position know as total incorporation, but slowly began to use the protection of “life, liberty, or property”. State can indict people, or bring them up on charges, through the decision of judges, though charges in federal courts need the approval of a grand jury, a special jury who sole duty is to determine whether an individual should be put on trial. State the major limits on civil liberties from the Revolutionary War through the Civil WarIn 1798, as part of the revolutionary war effort, the federalists-dominated congress passed the sedition-act, which made illegal to “write, print, utter, or publish” any “false, scandalous, and malicious writing” about the federal government, either house of Congress or the President. During the Civil War, President Lincoln suspended the writ of habeas corpus, thus allowing southern sympathizers in Border States to be tried by military tribunals rather than civilian courts. Identify the major targets of civil liberty restrictions during the World Wars.During World War I congress passed the Espionage Act of 1917, which made it a crime to obstruct military recruiting, and amendments known as the Sedition Act of 1918, which banned “disloyal, profane, scurrilous or abusive language” about the Constitution or the government of the United States, as well speech that interfered with the war effort. Compare the McCarthy era with the earlier Red ScareThe McCarthy era was similar to the Red Scare in its agitated suspicion that opposition to the government was Communist-inspired. Congress banned the Communist Party and membership therein and held hearings investigating the political views and personal associations of individual citizens. During the McCarthy era, the government imprisoned hundreds of individuals for their political view, and thousands more lost their jobs. Describe the change and continuity in security regulations from President George W Bush to President Obama.
After 9/11, congress passed the USA PATRIOT Act, which overturned many of the Cointelpro reforms, blamed by some for intelligence failure. The act allowed greater sharing of intelligence information and enhancement of law enforcement’s ability to tap telephone and e-mail communications. Also regulated financial transactions with overseas entities and eased the process of deporting immigrants suspected of terrorism. Beyond the act, President George Bushclaimed the right as commander in chief, to detain alleged enemy combatants indefinitely, whether US citizens or foreign nationals. Beyond the enemy combatant case, President Obama have ordered warrantless wiretapping of conversations and interception of e-mail between American citizens and suspected foreign terrorists.