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Philippines stated; “key populations at risk of infections reside mostly in the cities” (UNIADS, 2018).Social and cultural factors. Family is a very important part of Filipino life. The social aspect of daily life revolves around extended family and religion. Roman Catholics and Muslim make up nearly 90% of the populations religions; both which have very strict views on morality (Borlaza & Hernandez, 2019). MSM and transgender are still not completely accepted in this culture and shame of having HIV or getting tested play a large role in the increasing incidences.Current actions, interventions and influences. The DOH and Department of Educationhas been trying to raise awareness. President Duterte implemented the RHRP law that would ablea public information campaign on sexuality and distribute contraceptives. Unfortunately, a plan to distribute condoms and expand sex education in public schools was scrapped due to conservative and religious groups. Currently, anyone under the age of 18 is required to have parental consent to buy condoms or get tested for HIV (Oxford, 2017). The government needs tocontinue its social media campaigns, fight for age restrictions to be lowered or removed and fightto improve the sex education programs public schools. The major stakeholders that play a role in
PHILIPPINES 9the healthcare environment, in regards to HIV/AIDS, are the DOH, the Department of Education,the LGUs, the impacted populations and the United Nations. Non-communicable DiseaseSignificance. Non-communicable diseases (NCD) including cancer, cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases, and diabetes are becoming the leading causes of death in the Philippines. Combating risk factors that face the Filipino’s such as tobacco smoking, high blood pressure, high lipid levels and diabetes will become essential to fulfilling the United Nations MDGs. The Philippines goal is to reduce, by 1/3, pre-mature mortality through prevention/treatment and promoting mental health and wellbeing. (Cabral, 2016).Population impacted and economic factors. The elderly and adult populations are mainly impacted by NCD. The working-age population and the increasing aging population affected puts undo economic burdens on the country. A rapid growth in unplanned urbanization has caused urban crowding and the development of slum dwellers. Diet, lifestyle, lack of modernsanitation and inadequate access to basic services increases the populations risk for NCDs. Important contributor to NCD is under-nutrition. One in four children under 5 is underweight and undernourished. These children are more likely to have NCD later in life and girls are more likely to give birth to underweight babies; continuing the risk across generations (Cabral, 2016).Social and cultural factors. NCDs disproportionately affect those of LSS. Those who live in LSS, which is a majority in urban areas in the Philippines, have very little choices when itcomes to healthy living, healthy foods and good exercise; due to unsafe and congested informal settlements (slum dwellers). 90% of Filipino adults have one or more risk factors for NCDs.